Special Issue "Artificial Intelligence Applied to Medical Imaging and Computational Biology"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 April 2022) | Viewed by 13229
Interests: biomedical image analysis, radiomics, machine learning, computational Intelligence, high-performance computing
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Interests: digital image analysis and processing; biomedical imaging; radiomics; applied machine learning; digital architectures; hardware programmable devices
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Medical imaging and computational biology continuously pose new fundamental medical and biological questions that often give rise to novel challenges in Artificial Intelligence (AI). Thus, in these research fields, there is an increasing need for the application of cutting-edge computational approaches that generally involve Machine Learning (ML) or Computational Intelligence (CI) techniques. On the one hand, ML and CI techniques can effectively perform image processing operations (such as segmentation, co-registration, classification, and dimensionality reduction), in the fields of neuroimaging and oncological imaging. Although the manual approach often remains the golden standard in some tasks (e.g., segmentation), ML can be exploited to automate and facilitate the work of researchers and clinicians. On the other hand, ML- and CI-based strategies have been continuously applied to solve problems in Bioinformatics and Computational Systems Biology (e.g., alignments, dimensionality reduction, and parameter estimation). In addition, these fields often present new clustering and classification challenges, as well as combinatorial problems, which can be effectively addressed using novel strategies based on ML and CI techniques. Frequently used approaches include Support Vector Machines (SVMs) for classification problems, graph-based methods, Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), Evolutionary Computation (EC) and Swarm Intelligence (SI) techniques.
More recently, Deep Learning (DL) approaches were shown to be very successful in computer vision and bioinformatics tasks owing to their ability to automatically extract hierarchical descriptive features from input images or gene expression data. They have also been used in the oncological, neuroimaging, and microscopy imaging domains for the automatic disease diagnosis, tissue segmentation, and even synthetic image generation. The main issue, however, remains the relative sample paucity of the typical datasets that leads to poor generalization of the employed deep ANNs, considering the high number of required parameters. Consequently, parameter-efficient design paradigms specifically tailored to biomedical applications ought to be devised, also by exploiting CI-based techniques (e.g., EC, SI, and neuroevolution).
In this context, these advanced ML techniques can be suitably exploited to combine heterogeneous sources of information, allowing for multiomics data integration. Such kinds of analyses may represent a significant step towards personalized medicine.
This Special Issue will provide a forum to publish original research papers covering state-of-the-art and novel algorithms, methodologies, and applications of AI methods for biomedical data analysis, ranging from classic ML to DL.
Topics of interest include but are not limited to:
- ML and CI techniques for segmentation, co-registration, classification, or dimensionality reduction of medical images.
- Generative adversarial models for medical image super-resolution, denoising, and synthesis.
- Deep learning for neuroimaging and oncological imaging analysis.
- Application of graph theory to MRI and functional MRI (fMRI) data.
- Computational modeling and analysis of neuroimaging.
- Radiomic analyses for disease phenotyping.
- Radiogenomics for intra- and intertumoral heterogeneity evaluation.
- CI methods for optimizing biomedical data analysis tasks.
- Integration of multiomics data.
- ML and CI techniques for combinatorial problems in bioinformatics and computational biology.
- Deep neural networks for classification tasks in single-cell data analysis.
- New clustering approaches for single-cell data analysis.
Dr. Leonardo Rundo
Dr. Carmelo Militello
Dr. Andrea Tangherloni
Manuscript Submission Information
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- machine learning
- deep learning
- computational intelligence
- biomedical image analysis
- computational biology
- multiomics data
- single-cell data analysis