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Surfaces, Volume 4, Issue 4 (December 2021) – 6 articles

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Article
Naringenin Release to Biomembrane Models by Incorporation into Nanoparticles. Experimental Evidence Using Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Surfaces 2021, 4(4), 295-305; https://doi.org/10.3390/surfaces4040025 - 29 Nov 2021
Viewed by 273
Abstract
Naringenin (4′,5,7-trihydroxyflavanone-7-rhamnoglucosideor naringenin-7-rhamnoglucoside), a flavonoid present in large quantities in citrus, has different beneficial effects on human health as an antioxidant, free radical scavenger, anti-inflammatory, carbohydrate metabolism promoter, and immune system modulator. Different studies have shown that this substance also has a hypoglycemic [...] Read more.
Naringenin (4′,5,7-trihydroxyflavanone-7-rhamnoglucosideor naringenin-7-rhamnoglucoside), a flavonoid present in large quantities in citrus, has different beneficial effects on human health as an antioxidant, free radical scavenger, anti-inflammatory, carbohydrate metabolism promoter, and immune system modulator. Different studies have shown that this substance also has a hypoglycemic and antihypertensive effect, reduces cholesterol and triglycerides, and plays an important protective role in the heart tissue; moreover, it provides neuroprotection against various neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease and unpredictable chronic stress-induced depression. Despite these advantages, Naringenin is poorly absorbed, and the small percentage absorbed is rapidly degraded by the liver, as a result losing its activity. Several approaches have been attempted to overcome these obstacles, among them, nanotechnology, with the use of Drug Delivery Systems (DDS) as Solid Lipid Nanoparticles (SLN) and Nanostructured Lipid Carriers (NLC). DDS can, in fact, improve the drug bioavailability. The aim of this study was to develop and characterize SLN and NLC containing Naringenin and to evaluate the ability of these nanoparticles to release Naringenin at the cell level using biomembrane models represented by Multilamellar Vesicles (MLV). These studies were performed using Differential Scanning Calorimetry, a powerful technique to detect the interaction of drugs and delivery systems with MLV. It was shown that Naringenin could be better incorporated into NLC with respect to SLN and that Naringenin could be released by NLC into the biomembrane model. Therefore, suggesting the administration of Naringenin loaded into nanoparticles could help avoid the disadvantages associated with the use of the free molecule. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Surface Modification of Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications)
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Editorial
A Tribute to Professor Gaetano Granozzi and His Contributions to Surface Science on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday
Surfaces 2021, 4(4), 293-294; https://doi.org/10.3390/surfaces4040024 - 27 Nov 2021
Viewed by 215
Abstract
On the occasion of his 70th birthday, we celebrate the career of our Editor-in-Chief, Professor Gaetano Granozzi [...] Full article
Article
Tin(IV) Compounds as Photo-Stabilizers for Irradiated Surfaces of Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Films
Surfaces 2021, 4(4), 279-292; https://doi.org/10.3390/surfaces4040023 - 15 Nov 2021
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Abstract
Dimethyl-organotin(IV) valsartan (Me2SnL2) and dichlorostannanediyl valsartan (SnL2Cl2) complexes were synthesized, characterized, and applied as Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) photo-stabilizers. The complexes were loaded within the PVC films in a weight ratio of 0.5%, and the modified [...] Read more.
Dimethyl-organotin(IV) valsartan (Me2SnL2) and dichlorostannanediyl valsartan (SnL2Cl2) complexes were synthesized, characterized, and applied as Poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) photo-stabilizers. The complexes were loaded within the PVC films in a weight ratio of 0.5%, and the modified films were irradiated to a UV light of 313 nm wavelength for 300 h at room temperature. The efficiency of the complexes-filled films was compared with the plain one and evaluated before and after irradiation by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, weight loss, gel content, change in viscosity, atomic force microscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscopy. The SnL2Cl2 complex had higher activity than the Me2SnL2 complex to retard the PVC’s photodegradation by several mechanisms. Full article
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Article
Structural, Magnetic, and Optical Properties of Mn2+ Doping in ZnO Thin Films
Surfaces 2021, 4(4), 268-278; https://doi.org/10.3390/surfaces4040022 - 31 Oct 2021
Viewed by 342
Abstract
MnxZn1−xO thin films (x = 0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) were grown on corning glass substrates using sol–gel technique. Single-phase hexagonal wurtzite structure was confirmed using X-ray diffraction. Raman analysis revealed the presence of Mn content with an additional [...] Read more.
MnxZn1−xO thin films (x = 0%, 1%, 3%, and 5%) were grown on corning glass substrates using sol–gel technique. Single-phase hexagonal wurtzite structure was confirmed using X-ray diffraction. Raman analysis revealed the presence of Mn content with an additional vibrational mode at 570 cm−1. The surface morphology of the samples was observed by scanning electron microscopy which suggested that the grain size increases with an increase in Mn concentration. The optical bandgap increases with increasing Mn concentration due to a significant blueshift in UV–visible absorption spectra. The alteration of the bandgap was verified by the I–V measurements on ZnO and Mn-ZnO films. The various functional groups in the thin films were recorded using FTIR analysis. Magnetic measurements showed that MnxZn1−xO films are ferromagnetic, as Mn induces a fully polarised state. The effect of Mn2+ ions doping on MnxZn1−xO thin films was investigated by extracting various parameters such as lattice parameters, energy bandgap, resistivity, and magnetisation. The observed coercivity is about one-fifth of the earlier published work data which indicates the structure is soft in nature, having less dielectric/magnetic loss, and hence can be used as ultra-fast switching in spintronic devices. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interfaces in Materials Science and Engineering)
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Article
Nondestructive Measurement of Emissivity of Damaged Parts of Coatings
Surfaces 2021, 4(4), 257-267; https://doi.org/10.3390/surfaces4040021 - 22 Oct 2021
Viewed by 297
Abstract
Low Infrared emissivity coating (LIREC) is prone to generating some problems such as bulges, degumming, and abrasion. In order to study whether the performance of LIREC under different damages can meet the work needs, it is essential to timely measure and evaluate the [...] Read more.
Low Infrared emissivity coating (LIREC) is prone to generating some problems such as bulges, degumming, and abrasion. In order to study whether the performance of LIREC under different damages can meet the work needs, it is essential to timely measure and evaluate the performance state of LIREC in the application process. The existing methods for measuring the damage of LIREC have some disadvantages such as expensive equipment, complex operation, and inaccurate measurement results. In this paper, a measurement method of LIREC damage capability based on thermal imager is proposed. The radiation temperature is measured by thermal imager, the real temperature and ambient temperature of coating surface are measured by thermocouple, and the emittance of coating surface is calculated. Non-contact and continuous large-area emissivity measurements are carried out on the damaged parts of the coating and verified by experiments. The measurement results show that the different damage types and damage degrees directly affect the measurement results of LIREC. Wear damage increases the emissivity of the coating while debonding damage basically does not change the coating emissivity. Shedding damage of small diameter forms voids, which causes the increase of the damage parts of emittance. In addition, bulge damage impedes temperature transfer and reduces emissivity. This method can timely and accurately measure and evaluate the performance state of LIREC and can provide a new idea for the accurate measurement of damage emissivity of LIREC. Full article
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Editorial
Innovative Coatings for Materials Subjected to Aggressive Environments
Surfaces 2021, 4(4), 255-256; https://doi.org/10.3390/surfaces4040020 - 30 Sep 2021
Viewed by 229
Abstract
Aggressive environments require durable materials or excellent coatings to improve their performance and life service [...] Full article
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