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Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power, Volume 4, Issue 1 (March 2019) – 5 articles

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Cover Story (view full-size image) To gather the 4Q behavior, a test rig allowing the flow direction as well as the rotation direction [...] Read more.
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Open AccessArticle
Effect of a Recirculating Type Casing Treatment on a Highly Loaded Axial Compressor Rotor
Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power 2019, 4(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijtpp4010005 - 25 Mar 2019
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Abstract
The tip leakage flow over the blades of an axial compressor rotor adversely affects the axial rotor efficiency and can determine the onset of tip leakage stall. The performance of a new casing treatment concept in the shape of an axisymmetric recirculation channel [...] Read more.
The tip leakage flow over the blades of an axial compressor rotor adversely affects the axial rotor efficiency and can determine the onset of tip leakage stall. The performance of a new casing treatment concept in the shape of an axisymmetric recirculation channel is explored by steady Reynolds-Averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) realizable k-ε modelling on the NASA Rotor 37 test case. The modelling exposed a number of attractive features. The casing treatment increased the stall margin at no penalty to the rotor isentropic efficiency over the rotor operating line. A recirculation in the casing channel self-activated and self-adjusted with the rotor loading to provide more passive flow control at higher rotor loading conditions. The nozzle-shaped recirculation channel outflow opposed the tip leakage jet, re-located the casing surface flow interface further downstream, and reduced the rotor blade tip incidence angle. This combination of features makes the new casing treatment particularly attractive for applications to high thrust-to-weight ratio engines, typical of high-performance jet aircraft. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Numerical Modelling of the Ice Throw from Wind Turbines
Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power 2019, 4(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijtpp4010004 - 26 Feb 2019
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Abstract
Ice throw is a significant risk factor in the vicinity of wind turbines located in cold climate areas. We present a method to estimate the ice chunk trajectories. First, similar to the common practice, only translation is accounted for and the object trajectory [...] Read more.
Ice throw is a significant risk factor in the vicinity of wind turbines located in cold climate areas. We present a method to estimate the ice chunk trajectories. First, similar to the common practice, only translation is accounted for and the object trajectory is determined by gravity and the aerodynamic drag force. The sensitivity of the trajectories to the launch positions, wind speed, turbine rotation and aerodynamic drag is assessed. Next, trajectory computations with six-degree-of-freedom motion are presented. The required aerodynamic forces and moments are precomputed using CFD. The results indicate that object rotation might be non-negligible when higher accuracy is needed for the trajectory estimates. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Numerical and Experimental Investigation of the 4-Quadrant Behavior of Different Mixed Flow Diffuser Pumps
Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power 2019, 4(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijtpp4010003 - 07 Feb 2019
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1049
Abstract
Besides operating a centrifugal pump under normal conditions there are additional operating conditions possible; for example, a pump operated as turbine. Another example would be a pump trip where there are several abnormal operating conditions possible when the direction of flow and/or the [...] Read more.
Besides operating a centrifugal pump under normal conditions there are additional operating conditions possible; for example, a pump operated as turbine. Another example would be a pump trip where there are several abnormal operating conditions possible when the direction of flow and/or the direction of rotation are changing. The machine behavior in every possible operation condition can be represented by the complete pump characteristics, often called the 4-quadrant (4Q) behavior of a centrifugal pump. To gather the 4Q behavior, a test rig allowing the flow direction as well as the rotation direction to be reverted is necessary, with time-consuming measurements at variable positive and negative discharge in both directions of rotation the complete pump characteristics are evaluated. In the present study, an approach to investigate the complete pump characteristics by means of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) calculations is presented. With steady-state calculations and additional transient CFD investigations in the normal operating conditions, the whole pump characteristics were calculated accurately. Two different types of mixed flow diffuser pumps were investigated—one equipped with adjustable impeller blades, the second one with comparable low specific speed. Experimental verifications have shown a remarkably good agreement. Furthermore, an exemplary numerical waterhammer analysis shows the successful application of the presented approach. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Parametric Study of a Turbofan Engine with an Auxiliary High-Pressure Bypass
Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power 2019, 4(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijtpp4010002 - 14 Jan 2019
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 894
Abstract
A parametric study of a novel turbofan engine with an auxiliary high-pressure bypass (AHPB) is presented. The underlying motivation for the study was to introduce and explore a configuration of a turbofan engine which could facilitate clean secondary burning of fuel at a [...] Read more.
A parametric study of a novel turbofan engine with an auxiliary high-pressure bypass (AHPB) is presented. The underlying motivation for the study was to introduce and explore a configuration of a turbofan engine which could facilitate clean secondary burning of fuel at a higher temperature than conventionally realized. The study was also motivated by the developments in engineering materials for high-temperature applications and the potential utility of these developments. The parametric study is presented in two phases. Phase I presents a schematic of the turbofan engine with AHPB and the mathematics of the performance parameters at various stations. The proposed engine is hypothesized to consist of three streams—core stream, low-pressure bypass (LPB) stream, and the AHPB or, simply, the high-pressure bypass (HPB) stream. Phase II delves into the performance simulation and the analysis of the results in an ideal set-up. The simulation and results are presented for performance analysis when (i) maximizing engine thrust while varying the LPB and AHPB ratios, and (ii) varying the AHPB ratio while maintaining the LPB ratio constant. The results demonstrate the variations in performance of the engine and a basis for examining its potential utility for practical applications. Full article
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Open AccessEditorial
Acknowledgement to Reviewers of International Journal of Turbomachinery, Propulsion and Power (IJTPP) in 2018
Int. J. Turbomach. Propuls. Power 2019, 4(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijtpp4010001 - 09 Jan 2019
Viewed by 777
Abstract
Rigorous peer-review is the corner-stone of high-quality academic publishing [...] Full article
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