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Article

Laws of Media, Their Environments and Their Users: The Flip of the Artifact, Its Ground and Its Users

1
Book and Media Studies, University of St. Michael’s College, Toronto, ON M5S 1A7, Canada
2
Department of Physics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George, Toronto, ON M5S 1A7, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcin J. Schroeder
Philosophies 2016, 1(2), 153-161; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies1020153
Received: 19 May 2016 / Revised: 6 August 2016 / Accepted: 25 August 2016 / Published: 20 September 2016
Marshall McLuhan’s Laws of Media (LOM), which describe the evolution of artifacts in terms of enhancement, obsolescence, retrieval, and reversal (or flip) are extended to create Laws of Media Environments (LOME) and Laws of Media Users (LOMU). It is shown that the environment or ground in which the figures of the artifacts in the LOM operate and the users of those artifacts undergo, respectively, a similar evolution of enhancement, obsolescence, retrieval, and reversal paralleling McLuhan’s original LOM. View Full-Text
Keywords: Laws of Media; artifact; media; technology; enhance; obsolesce; retrieve; flip; environment; user Laws of Media; artifact; media; technology; enhance; obsolesce; retrieve; flip; environment; user
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MDPI and ACS Style

Iseri, Z.M.; Logan, R.K. Laws of Media, Their Environments and Their Users: The Flip of the Artifact, Its Ground and Its Users. Philosophies 2016, 1, 153-161. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies1020153

AMA Style

Iseri ZM, Logan RK. Laws of Media, Their Environments and Their Users: The Flip of the Artifact, Its Ground and Its Users. Philosophies. 2016; 1(2):153-161. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies1020153

Chicago/Turabian Style

Iseri, Zeynep M., and Robert K. Logan. 2016. "Laws of Media, Their Environments and Their Users: The Flip of the Artifact, Its Ground and Its Users" Philosophies 1, no. 2: 153-161. https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies1020153

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