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Aquatic Tardigrades in Poland—A review

Department of Animal Taxonomy and Ecology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Uniwersytetu Poznańskiego 6, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Limnol. Rev. 2021, 21(3), 147-154;
Published: 22 December 2021


The diversity, distribution and ecology of aquatic Tardigrada in Poland remain poorly known. We reviewed the literature focused on tardigrades in Poland and recognized only 15 aquatic taxa which were reported from various freshwater and marine habitats. Among them, 12 are freshwater and three are marine taxa. Hypsibius dujardini is Poland’s most widely-distributed hygrophilous species, but it re presents rather a complex of cryptic species and their diagnosis requires integrative approaches. Most reports of aquatic tardigrades in Poland are accidental findings mostly from water bodies in Tatra Mountains or from lakes in Masurian Lake District. Some species were also reported from small ponds or wastewater treatment plants in other regions like Małopolska or Wielkopolska Provinces.
Keywords: Europe; freshwater species; marine species; Tardigrada; water bears Europe; freshwater species; marine species; Tardigrada; water bears

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kayastha, P.; Wiśniewska, J.; Kuzdrowska, K.; Kaczmarek, Ł. Aquatic Tardigrades in Poland—A review. Limnol. Rev. 2021, 21, 147-154.

AMA Style

Kayastha P, Wiśniewska J, Kuzdrowska K, Kaczmarek Ł. Aquatic Tardigrades in Poland—A review. Limnological Review. 2021; 21(3):147-154.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kayastha, Pushpalata, Joanna Wiśniewska, Klaudia Kuzdrowska, and Łukasz Kaczmarek. 2021. "Aquatic Tardigrades in Poland—A review" Limnological Review 21, no. 3: 147-154.

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