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European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education is published by MDPI from Volume 10 Issue 1 (2020). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with University Association of Education and Psychology.
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Psychometric properties of Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for adolescents in Bulgaria

1
University of Roehampton (United Kingdom)
2
Faculty of Educational Sciences. Bahcesehir University. C.P.: 34349. Istanbul (Turkey)
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2018, 8(1), 53-64; https://doi.org/10.30552/ejihpe.v8i1.225 (registering DOI)
Received: 27 September 2017 / Revised: 21 December 2017 / Accepted: 7 February 2018 / Published: 7 February 2018
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Abstract

The present study assessed the psychometric properties of the Bulgarian version of the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-DC), which is a 20-item self-report scale designed to measure depressive symptoms in children and adolescents. A total of 700 (323 female, 377 male) adolescents, aged 13-17 years, participated in this study. In addition to the CES-DC, the adolescents also completed the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the Spence Child Anxiety Scale (SCAS). The results of the confirmatory factor analysis yielded fit index values demonstrating viability of the four-dimensional solution as in the original. The CES-DC significantly correlated with SDQ total scores and its subscales, indicating that a high level of depressive symptoms was associated with high level of emotional and behavioral problems. Overall, the results provided evidence for the factor validity and reliability of Bulgarian version of the CES-DC when used among adolescents in Bulgaria.
Keywords: Depression; adolescents; psychometric properties; Centre for Epidemiologic Studies for Depression Scale Depression; adolescents; psychometric properties; Centre for Epidemiologic Studies for Depression Scale
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Tsocheva, I.; Uzun, B.; Essau, C.A. Psychometric properties of Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for adolescents in Bulgaria. Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2018, 8, 53-64.

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