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Attitude, Familiarity and Religious Beliefs about Vaccination among Health Science and Non-Health Science Students in a Malaysian Public University

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Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sabha, Sabha 00218, Libya
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Department of Pharmaceutics, University of Tripoli, Tripoli 42300, Libya
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Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Bandar Puncak Alam, Shah Alam 42300, Malaysia
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Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Monash University, Malaysia, Subang Jaya 47500, Malaysia
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Department of Pharmacy, Al Rafidain University College, Baghdad 10001, Iraq
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Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25200, Malaysia
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Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kuala Terengganu 21300, Malaysia
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Qualitative Research Group-Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan 25200, Malaysia
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Department of Oral Biology and Experimental Dental Research, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Szeged, Tisza Lajos Körút 63, 6720 Szeged, Hungary
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Institute of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Semmelweis University, Nagyvárad tér 4., 1089 Budapest, Hungary
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: María del Carmen Olmos-Gómez and Ana Belén Barragán Martín
Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2021, 11(4), 1462-1473; https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe11040104
Received: 9 September 2021 / Revised: 11 November 2021 / Accepted: 16 November 2021 / Published: 18 November 2021
Vaccine hesitancy has surfaced globally within the last few decades, and the fears and misconceptions of people about vaccine safety and effectiveness have been identified as key factors for their under-utilization. The familiarity, attitudes, and religious beliefs of the public and of future healthcare practitioners regarding vaccination are extensive areas needing exploration. The present exploratory cross-sectional study was designed, planned and carried out on students enrolled in health science and non-health science courses in one of the public universities of Malaysia. A research instrument that had been formulated, validated and subjected to reliability testing was used to collect the data, which were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. A response rate of 80.8% (n = 202) was obtained: the majority were female (n = 161, 79.7%), and had been vaccinated before (n = 190, 97.5%), while a mere 2% did not support vaccination for reasons pertaining to safety issues. The vaccine familiarity score was 10.79 ± 1.4, which significantly differed among the study disciplines (p < 0.001). The mean of the total attitude score was 14.95 ± 1.5, with no significant difference among demographics being noted. The mean of the total religious beliefs score was 24.29 ± 2.8 and significantly differed based on gender (p = 0.040) and study disciplines (p < 0.001). The current findings showed that the participants were familiar with vaccines and had generally positive attitudes and positive religious beliefs toward vaccination; thus, one can expect that their inclusion in immunization campaigns will generate positive outcomes of the immunization program. Although the current research reported few knowledge gaps, these may be handled with the introduction of a specialized immunization course at an undergraduate level. View Full-Text
Keywords: attitudes; knowledge; vaccination; vaccine familiarity; students; religious beliefs attitudes; knowledge; vaccination; vaccine familiarity; students; religious beliefs
MDPI and ACS Style

Elkalmi, R.M.; Dyab, E.; Mohd Suhaimi, A.; Blebil, A.Q.; Elnaem, M.H.; Jamshed, S.; Gajdács, M. Attitude, Familiarity and Religious Beliefs about Vaccination among Health Science and Non-Health Science Students in a Malaysian Public University. Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2021, 11, 1462-1473. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe11040104

AMA Style

Elkalmi RM, Dyab E, Mohd Suhaimi A, Blebil AQ, Elnaem MH, Jamshed S, Gajdács M. Attitude, Familiarity and Religious Beliefs about Vaccination among Health Science and Non-Health Science Students in a Malaysian Public University. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education. 2021; 11(4):1462-1473. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe11040104

Chicago/Turabian Style

Elkalmi, Ramdan M., Eman Dyab, Azyyati Mohd Suhaimi, Ali Q. Blebil, Mohamed H. Elnaem, Shazia Jamshed, and Márió Gajdács. 2021. "Attitude, Familiarity and Religious Beliefs about Vaccination among Health Science and Non-Health Science Students in a Malaysian Public University" European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education 11, no. 4: 1462-1473. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe11040104

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