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Systematic Review

A Systematic Review of Sleep–Wake Disorder Diagnostic Criteria Reliability Studies

1
Department of Child Psychiatry, Hospices Civils de Lyon, 69000 Lyon, France
2
UMR CNRS 8590 IHPST, Sorbonne University, 75007 Paris, France
3
Institut des Neurosciences de Montpellier (INM), University Montpellier, 34000 Montpellier, France
4
Inserm, Unité des Troubles du Sommeil, Département de Neurologie, CHU Montpellier, 34000 Montpellier, France
5
University Sleep Clinic, Services of Functional Exploration of the Nervous System, University Hospital of Bordeaux, Place Amélie Raba-Léon, 33 076 Bordeaux, France
6
CNRS, SANPSY, Université de Bordeaux, UMR6033, 33000 Bordeaux, France
7
École de Psychologie, Université Laval, 2325 Rue des Bibliothèques, Québec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
8
Centre D’étude des Troubles du Sommeil, Université Laval, 2325 Rue des Bibliothèques, Québec City, QC G1V 0A6, Canada
9
Département de Psychiatrie et d’addictologie, AP-HP, GHU Paris Nord, DMU Neurosciences, Hopital Bichat—Claude Bernard, 75018 Paris, France
10
GHU Paris—Psychiatry & Neurosciences, 1 Rue Cabanis, 75014 Paris, France
11
NeuroDiderot, Inserm, Université de Paris, FHU I2-D2, 75019 Paris, France
12
CNRS UPR 3212, Institute for Cellular and Integrative Neurosciences, 67000 Strasbourg, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Helena Martynowicz and Mieszko Wieckiewicz
Biomedicines 2022, 10(7), 1616; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines10071616
Received: 9 May 2022 / Revised: 27 June 2022 / Accepted: 4 July 2022 / Published: 6 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sleep Disorders: An Interdisciplinary Approach)
The aim of this article is to provide a systematic review of reliability studies of the sleep–wake disorder diagnostic criteria of the international classifications used in sleep medicine. Electronic databases (ubMed (1946–2021) and Web of Science (—2021)) were searched up to December 2021 for studies computing the Cohen’s kappa coefficient of diagnostic criteria for the main sleep–wake disorder categories described in the principal classifications. Cohen’s kappa coefficients were extracted for each main sleep–wake disorder category, for each classification subtype, and for the different types of methods used to test the degree of agreement about a diagnosis. The database search identified 383 studies. Fifteen studies were analyzed in this systematic review. Insomnia disorder (10/15) and parasomnia disorder (7/15) diagnostic criteria were the most studied. The reliability of all sleep–wake disorders presented a Cohen’s kappa with substantial agreement (Cohen’s kappa mean = 0.66). The two main reliability methods identified were “test–retest reliability” (11/15), principally used for International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD), and “joint interrater reliability” (4/15), principally used for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) subtype diagnostic criteria, in particularl, the DSM-5. The implications in terms of the design of the methods used to test the degree of agreement about a diagnosis in sleep medicine are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep–wake disorders; reliability; Cohen’s kappa coefficient; clinical significance; field trial; systematic review sleep–wake disorders; reliability; Cohen’s kappa coefficient; clinical significance; field trial; systematic review
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gauld, C.; Lopez, R.; Philip, P.; Taillard, J.; Morin, C.M.; Geoffroy, P.A.; Micoulaud-Franchi, J.-A. A Systematic Review of Sleep–Wake Disorder Diagnostic Criteria Reliability Studies. Biomedicines 2022, 10, 1616. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines10071616

AMA Style

Gauld C, Lopez R, Philip P, Taillard J, Morin CM, Geoffroy PA, Micoulaud-Franchi J-A. A Systematic Review of Sleep–Wake Disorder Diagnostic Criteria Reliability Studies. Biomedicines. 2022; 10(7):1616. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines10071616

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gauld, Christophe, Régis Lopez, Pierre Philip, Jacques Taillard, Charles M. Morin, Pierre Alexis Geoffroy, and Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi. 2022. "A Systematic Review of Sleep–Wake Disorder Diagnostic Criteria Reliability Studies" Biomedicines 10, no. 7: 1616. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines10071616

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