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Article

Back Pain Prevalence, Intensity, and Associated Risk Factors among Female Teachers in Slovakia during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Health and Physical Education Department, Prince Sultan University, Riyadh 11586, Saudi Arabia
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Faculty of Health, Catholic University, 03401 Ružomberok, Slovakia
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Hospital with Polyclinic MUDr. L. Nádaši Jégého, 02601 Dolný Kubín, Slovakia
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Central Military Hospital SNU-FH Ružomberok, 03401 Ružomberok, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tadashi Ito
Healthcare 2021, 9(7), 860; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9070860
Received: 22 May 2021 / Revised: 24 June 2021 / Accepted: 1 July 2021 / Published: 7 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Comprehensive Clinical Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation: Version II)
Significant back pain prevalence and intensity are reported in female pedagogues. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, they have been exposed to remote working conditions, higher psychological demands, and stress. Our objective was to evaluate the back pain prevalence, intensity, and related risk factors in female teachers from Slovak regions in the context of remote learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. An electronic questionnaire was applied for data collection. A total of 782 adult female teachers (age 43.11 ± 0.36, BMI 34.94 ± 5.94) from primary, secondary, and tertiary schools from Slovak regions were included in the survey. Of these, 74% reported cervical pain, 67% lower back pain, and 60% pain in more than one vertebral region. The highest pain intensities were reported in the following cohorts (pain scale 1–5, 1 = no pain, and 5 = extreme pain): pedagogues from the Presov region (3.74), those working in the special education sector (3.83), those who gave five online classes a week (3.58), those who performed no physical activity (PA, 3.86), pedagogues who did not work in compliance with ergonomic recommendations (3.59), those with moderate or severe stress (3.66), and those who were sitting all or most of the time (3.62). The main risk factors identified were: no PA performed, no compliance with ergonomic recommendations, and stress. View Full-Text
Keywords: back pain; female teachers; COVID-19 pandemic; home office back pain; female teachers; COVID-19 pandemic; home office
MDPI and ACS Style

Prieto-González, P.; Šutvajová, M.; Lesňáková, A.; Bartík, P.; Buľáková, K.; Friediger, T. Back Pain Prevalence, Intensity, and Associated Risk Factors among Female Teachers in Slovakia during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study. Healthcare 2021, 9, 860. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9070860

AMA Style

Prieto-González P, Šutvajová M, Lesňáková A, Bartík P, Buľáková K, Friediger T. Back Pain Prevalence, Intensity, and Associated Risk Factors among Female Teachers in Slovakia during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study. Healthcare. 2021; 9(7):860. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9070860

Chicago/Turabian Style

Prieto-González, Pablo, Miroslava Šutvajová, Anna Lesňáková, Peter Bartík, Kristína Buľáková, and Teresa Friediger. 2021. "Back Pain Prevalence, Intensity, and Associated Risk Factors among Female Teachers in Slovakia during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study" Healthcare 9, no. 7: 860. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9070860

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