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The Extremely High Adsorption Capacity of Fluoride by Chicken Bone Char (CBC) in Defluoridation of Drinking Water in Relation to Its Finer Particle Size for Better Human Health

1
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Toyama Prefectural University, 5180 Kurokawa, Imizu, Toyama 939-0398, Japan
2
National Institute of Technology, Toyama College, 13 Hongo, Toyama 939-8630, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2018, 6(4), 123; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare6040123
Received: 31 August 2018 / Revised: 24 September 2018 / Accepted: 5 October 2018 / Published: 10 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Quality and Public Health)
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Abstract

The ingestion of fluoride-contaminated water causes serious health issues in people all over the world. In the current study, the adsorption of fluoride onto chicken bone char (CBC) was investigated as a defluoridation technique. Finer-sized CBC with a diameter of 106–212 µm was used to investigate the fluoride adsorption capacity onto CBC. Results revealed that finer-sized CBC yielded an unusually high fluoride adsorption capacity of 11.2 mg/g at the equilibrium fluoride concentration of 10 mg/L. The study shows that CBC can be utilized in the defluoridation of drinking water and that finer-sized CBC enhances ion exchange to perform a higher adsorption capacity. View Full-Text
Keywords: adsorption; carbonizing; particle size; isotherm; ion exchange; fluoride adsorption; carbonizing; particle size; isotherm; ion exchange; fluoride
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Herath, H.M.A.S.; Kawakami, T.; Tafu, M. The Extremely High Adsorption Capacity of Fluoride by Chicken Bone Char (CBC) in Defluoridation of Drinking Water in Relation to Its Finer Particle Size for Better Human Health. Healthcare 2018, 6, 123.

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