Next Article in Journal
The Role of Affect and Cognition in Processing Messages about Early Diagnosis for Alzheimer’s Disease by Older People
Previous Article in Journal
Linoleic Acid: A Nutritional Quandary
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Holistic Model of Care to Support Those Living with and beyond Cancer
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Healthcare 2017, 5(2), 26;

Breast Cancer: Exploring the Facts and Holistic Needs during and beyond Treatment

Department of Physiology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117597, Singapore
National University Cancer Institute, Singapore 1192288, Singapore
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Joanne Reid and Helen Noble
Received: 25 January 2017 / Revised: 12 April 2017 / Accepted: 19 April 2017 / Published: 24 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Holistic Needs of Those Living with and beyond Breast Cancer)
Full-Text   |   PDF [629 KB, uploaded 24 May 2017]   |  


Breast cancer patients face challenges throughout the journey of diagnosis, treatment, post-treatment, and recovery. The breast cancer patient is exposed to a multidisciplinary team including doctors, nurses, therapists, counselors, and psychologists. While the team assembled together aims to address multiple facets in breast cancer care, the sub-specialized nature of individual professional practices may constrain the overview of patients’ holistic needs and a comprehensive approach to cancer management. This paper aims to provide an overview of the holistic needs of breast cancer patients at each stage of their cancer journey, addressing their complex physical, psychological, and social needs. As every patient is different, cancer care has to be tailored to each patient based on a holistic needs assessment. This paper also explores how support can be provided from the perspectives of the healthcare providers, family members and caretakers. Examples of general practices at healthcare institutions worldwide as well as supportive care provided by support groups are discussed. The needs of breast cancer patients extend beyond the resolution of cancer as a disease, and the restoration of health as far as possible is a critical component of healing. Understanding the complex issues involved in the journey of breast cancer will aid healthcare providers to be better equipped to sensitively address their concerns and focus on healing the patient holistically. Methodology: This paper provides a literature review of validated practices in different countries and elaborates on the holistic needs of patients at various stages of recovery. This review is based on more than a decade of publications sourced from multiple resources including PubMed journal articles; books and official websites of breast cancer organizations. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast cancer; holistic needs; cancer survivorship breast cancer; holistic needs; cancer survivorship

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ng, Z.X.; Ong, M.S.; Jegadeesan, T.; Deng, S.; Yap, C.T. Breast Cancer: Exploring the Facts and Holistic Needs during and beyond Treatment. Healthcare 2017, 5, 26.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Healthcare EISSN 2227-9032 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top