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Newborn Care in the Home and Health Facility: Formative Findings for Intervention Research in Cambodia

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Department of Global Community Health and Behavioral Sciences, Tulane School Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
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Reproductive Health Association of Cambodia, P.O. Box 905, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
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National Institute of Public Health, P.O. Box 1300, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sampath Parthasarathy
Healthcare 2016, 4(4), 94; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare4040094
Received: 28 September 2016 / Revised: 13 December 2016 / Accepted: 14 December 2016 / Published: 21 December 2016
Global coverage and scale up of interventions to reduce newborn mortality remains low, though progress has been achieved in improving newborn survival in many low-income settings. An important factor in the success of newborn health interventions, and moving to scale, is appropriate design of community-based programs and strategies for local implementation. We report the results of formative research undertaken to inform the design of a newborn health intervention in Cambodia. Information was gathered on newborn care practices over a period of three months using multiple qualitative methods of data collection in the primary health facility and home setting. Analysis of the data indicated important gaps, both at home and facility level, between recommended newborn care practices and those typical in the study area. The results of this formative research have informed strategies for behavior change and improving referral of sick infants in the subsequent implementation study. Collection and dissemination of data on newborn care practices from settings such as these can contribute to efforts to advance survival, growth and development of newborns for intervention research, and for future newborn health programming. View Full-Text
Keywords: neonate; qualitative research; Southeast Asia neonate; qualitative research; Southeast Asia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bazzano, A.N.; Taub, L.; Oberhelman, R.A.; Var, C. Newborn Care in the Home and Health Facility: Formative Findings for Intervention Research in Cambodia. Healthcare 2016, 4, 94.

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