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Open AccessArticle

Trade Openness and Economic Growth in Turkey: A Rolling Frequency Domain Analysis

1
Department of Economics, Namık Kemal University, Tekirdağ 59030, Turkey
2
BSL Business School Lausanne, Rte. de la Maladierè 21, P.O. Box, CH-1022 Chavannes (VD), Switzerland
3
SBS Swiss Business School, Flughafenstrasse 3, CH-8302 Kloten-Zürich, Switzerland
4
School of Business, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), CH-4600 Olten, Switzerland
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Department of Business Administration, Mersin University, Mersin 33342, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Economies 2019, 7(2), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/economies7020041
Received: 6 March 2019 / Revised: 1 April 2019 / Accepted: 16 April 2019 / Published: 8 May 2019
Taking Turkey’s experience as a case study, this study provides further insights into the evaluation of time-varying Granger-causal relationships in the trade openness and economic performance nexus. We reinvestigated the Granger-causal relationships between trade openness and real economic growth in Turkey for the time period 1950–2014. We employed a rolling version of Breitung and Candelon’s frequency domain Granger-causality test, which allowed us to identify the changes in the nature of the causal relationships overtime. Hence, in the face of different results found in the literature overtime, our study provides a more unified evidence on the relationship between trade openness and real economic growth in Turkey. In addition, we found empirical evidence for the possibility of a distinct temporal ordering in a feedback relationship between trade openness and economic growth. We called this situation “sequential feedback”. View Full-Text
Keywords: openness and economic growth; Granger-causality; frequency domain time series analysis; Turkey openness and economic growth; Granger-causality; frequency domain time series analysis; Turkey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Çevik, E.İ.; Atukeren, E.; Korkmaz, T. Trade Openness and Economic Growth in Turkey: A Rolling Frequency Domain Analysis. Economies 2019, 7, 41.

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