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Climate 2018, 6(4), 96;

Objective Definition of Climatologically Homogeneous Areas in the Southern Balkans Based on the ERA5 Data Set

Laboratory of Meteorology, Department of Physics, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 November 2018 / Revised: 5 December 2018 / Accepted: 5 December 2018 / Published: 7 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Variability and Change in the 21th Century)
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An objective definition of climatologically homogeneous areas in the southern Balkans is attempted with the use of daily 0.25° × 0.25° ERA5 meteorological data of air temperature, dew point, zonal and meridional wind components, Convective Available Potential Energy, Convective Inhibition, and total cloud cover. The classification of the various grid points into climatologically homogeneous areas is carried out by applying Principal Component Analysis and K-means Cluster Analysis on the mean spatial anomaly patterns of the above parameters for the 10-year period of 2008 to 2017. According to the results, 12 climatologically homogenous areas are found. From these areas, eight are mainly over the sea and four are mainly over the land. The mean intra-annual variations of the spatial anomalies of the above parameters reveal the main climatic characteristics of these areas for the above period. These characteristics refer, for example, to how much warmer or cloudy the climate of a specific area is in a specific season relatively to the rest of the geographical domain. The continentality, the latitude, the altitude, the orientation, and the seasonal variability of the thermal and dynamic factors affecting the Mediterranean region are responsible for the climate characteristics of the 12 areas and the differences among them. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mediterranean climate; cluster analysis; objective classification; ERA5 Mediterranean climate; cluster analysis; objective classification; ERA5

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Lolis, C.J.; Kotsias, G.; Bartzokas, A. Objective Definition of Climatologically Homogeneous Areas in the Southern Balkans Based on the ERA5 Data Set. Climate 2018, 6, 96.

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