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Review

Bryo-Activities: A Review on How Bryophytes Are Contributing to the Arsenal of Natural Bioactive Compounds against Fungi

by 1,†, 2,†, 3,†, 4,†, 5,† and 6,*,†
1
Department of Biotechnology, University of Verona, Cà Vignal 1, Strada Le Grazie 15, 37134 Verona (VR), Italy
2
Department of Chemistry and Biology, University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II 132, 84084 Fisciano (SA), Italy
3
Department of Medicine and Surgery, Respiratory Disease and Lung Function Unit, University of Parma, Via Gramsci 14, 43125 Parma (PR), Italy
4
Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Calabria, Via Ponte P. Bucci 6b, Arcavacata di Rende, 87036 Cosenza (CS), Italy
5
Laboratory of Plant Biology and Plant Proteomics (Lab.Bio.Pro.Ve), Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technologies, University of Calabria, Ponte P. Bucci 12 C, Arcavacata di Rende, 87036 Cosenza (CS), Italy
6
Department of Chemistry, Life Sciences and Environmental Sustainability, University of Parma, Parco delle Scienze 11/A, 43124 Parma (PR), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
All authors equally contributed to the manuscript.
Plants 2021, 10(2), 203; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10020203
Received: 23 December 2020 / Revised: 12 January 2021 / Accepted: 15 January 2021 / Published: 21 January 2021
Usually regarded as less evolved than their more recently diverged vascular sisters, which currently dominate vegetation landscape, bryophytes seem having nothing to envy to the defensive arsenal of other plants, since they had acquired a suite of chemical traits that allowed them to adapt and persist on land. In fact, these closest modern relatives of the ancestors to the earliest terrestrial plants proved to be marvelous chemists, as they traditionally were a popular remedy among tribal people all over the world, that exploit their pharmacological properties to cure the most different diseases. The phytochemistry of bryophytes exhibits a stunning assortment of biologically active compounds such as lipids, proteins, steroids, organic acids, alcohols, aliphatic and aromatic compounds, polyphenols, terpenoids, acetogenins and phenylquinones, thus it is not surprising that substances obtained from various species belonging to such ancestral plants are widely employed as antitumor, antipyretic, insecticidal and antimicrobial. This review explores in particular the antifungal potential of the three Bryophyta divisions—mosses (Musci), hornworts (Anthocerotae) and liverworts (Hepaticae)—to be used as a sources of interesting bioactive constituents for both pharmaceutical and agricultural areas, providing an updated overview of the latest relevant insights. View Full-Text
Keywords: bryophytes; plants bioactive compounds from early-diverged land; natural antifungals; plant extracts; mosses; liverworts; hornworts bryophytes; plants bioactive compounds from early-diverged land; natural antifungals; plant extracts; mosses; liverworts; hornworts
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MDPI and ACS Style

Commisso, M.; Guarino, F.; Marchi, L.; Muto, A.; Piro, A.; Degola, F. Bryo-Activities: A Review on How Bryophytes Are Contributing to the Arsenal of Natural Bioactive Compounds against Fungi. Plants 2021, 10, 203. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10020203

AMA Style

Commisso M, Guarino F, Marchi L, Muto A, Piro A, Degola F. Bryo-Activities: A Review on How Bryophytes Are Contributing to the Arsenal of Natural Bioactive Compounds against Fungi. Plants. 2021; 10(2):203. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10020203

Chicago/Turabian Style

Commisso, Mauro; Guarino, Francesco; Marchi, Laura; Muto, Antonella; Piro, Amalia; Degola, Francesca. 2021. "Bryo-Activities: A Review on How Bryophytes Are Contributing to the Arsenal of Natural Bioactive Compounds against Fungi" Plants 10, no. 2: 203. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10020203

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