A relative lag in research methods, technical means and research paradigms has restricted the rapid development of geography and urban computing. Hence, there is a certain gap between urban data and industry applications. In this paper, a spatial association discovery framework for the urban service industry based on a concept lattice is proposed. First, location data are used to form the formal context expressed by 0 and 1. Frequent closed itemsets and a concept lattice are computed on the basis of the formal context of the urban service industry. Frequent closed itemsets can filter out redundant information in frequent itemsets, uniquely determine the complete set of all frequent itemsets, and be orders of magnitude smaller than the latter. Second, spatial frequent closed itemsets and association rules discovery algorithms are designed and built based on the formal context. The inputs of the frequent closed itemsets discovery algorithms include the given formal context and frequent threshold value, while the outputs are all frequent closed itemsets and the partial order relationship between them. Newly added attributes create new concepts to guarantee the uniqueness of the new spatial association concept. The inputs of spatial association rules discovery algorithms include frequent closed itemsets and confidence threshold values, and a rule is confident when and only if its confidence degree is not less than the confidence threshold value. Third, the spatial association of the urban service industry in Nanning, China is taken as a case to verify the method. The results are basically consistent with the spatial distribution of the urban service industry in Nanning City. This study enriches the theories and methods of geography as well as urban computing, and these findings can provide guidance for location-based service planning and management of urban services.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited