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Article

Geospatial Management and Analysis of Microstructural Data from San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) Core Samples

Department of Geography and Geosciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40208, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Peter Blišťan and Wolfgang Kainz
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(5), 332; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10050332
Received: 24 March 2021 / Revised: 2 May 2021 / Accepted: 8 May 2021 / Published: 14 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of Geology and GIS)
Core samples obtained from scientific drilling could provide large volumes of direct microstructural and compositional data, but generating results via the traditional treatment of such data is often time-consuming and inefficient. Unifying microstructural data within a spatially referenced Geographic Information System (GIS) environment provides an opportunity to readily locate, visualize, correlate, and apply remote sensing techniques to the data. Using 26 core billet samples from the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD), this study developed GIS-based procedures for: 1. Spatially referenced visualization and storage of various microstructural data from core billets; 2. 3D modeling of billets and thin section positions within each billet, which serve as a digital record after irreversible fragmentation of the physical billets; and 3. Vector feature creation and unsupervised classification of a multi-generation calcite vein network from cathodluminescence (CL) imagery. Building on existing work which is predominantly limited to the 2D space of single thin sections, our results indicate that a GIS can facilitate spatial treatment of data even at centimeter to nanometer scales, but also revealed challenges involving intensive 3D representations and complex matrix transformations required to create geographically translated forms of the within-billet coordinate systems, which are suggested for consideration in future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: Geographic Information Systems (GIS); remote sensing; structural geology; 3D visualization; spatial analyses Geographic Information Systems (GIS); remote sensing; structural geology; 3D visualization; spatial analyses
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MDPI and ACS Style

Holmes, E.M.; Gaughan, A.E.; Biddle, D.J.; Stevens, F.R.; Hadizadeh, J. Geospatial Management and Analysis of Microstructural Data from San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) Core Samples. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 332. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10050332

AMA Style

Holmes EM, Gaughan AE, Biddle DJ, Stevens FR, Hadizadeh J. Geospatial Management and Analysis of Microstructural Data from San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) Core Samples. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(5):332. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10050332

Chicago/Turabian Style

Holmes, Elliott M.; Gaughan, Andrea E.; Biddle, Donald J.; Stevens, Forrest R.; Hadizadeh, Jafar. 2021. "Geospatial Management and Analysis of Microstructural Data from San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) Core Samples" ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 10, no. 5: 332. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10050332

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