Next Article in Journal
Metabolomic Predictors of Dysglycemia in Two U.S. Youth Cohorts
Next Article in Special Issue
A Combination of Metabolomics and Machine Learning Results in the Identification of a New Cyst Nematode Hatching Factor
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Moderate–Intensity Physical Training on Skeletal Muscle Substrate Transporters and Metabolic Parameters of Ovariectomized Rats
Previous Article in Special Issue
Multi-Omics-Based Discovery of Plant Signaling Molecules
 
 
Article

Differential Accumulation of Metabolites and Transcripts Related to Flavonoid, Styrylpyrone, and Galactolipid Biosynthesis in Equisetum Species and Tissue Types

Institute of Biological Chemistry and M.J. Murdock Metabolomics Laboratory, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-7411, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current Address: Department of Food Technology, University North, University Center Koprivnica, Trg dr. Žarka Dolinara 1, 48000 Koprivnica, Croatia.
Academic Editors: Harro J. Bouwmeester, Lemeng Dong and Asaph Aharoni
Metabolites 2022, 12(5), 403; https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo12050403
Received: 7 April 2022 / Revised: 25 April 2022 / Accepted: 27 April 2022 / Published: 29 April 2022
Three species of the genus Equisetum (E. arvense, E. hyemale, and E. telmateia) were selected for an analysis of chemical diversity in an ancient land plant lineage. Principal component analysis of metabolomics data obtained with above-ground shoot and below-ground rhizome extracts enabled a separation of all sample types, indicating species- and organ-specific patterns of metabolite accumulation. Follow-up efforts indicated that galactolipids, carotenoids, and flavonoid glycosides contributed positively to the separation of shoot samples, while stryrylpyrone glycosides and phenolic glycosides were the most prominent positive contributors to the separation of rhizome samples. Consistent with metabolite data, genes coding for enzymes of flavonoid and galactolipid biosynthesis were found to be expressed at elevated levels in shoot samples, whereas a putative styrylpyrone synthase gene was expressed preferentially in rhizomes. The current study builds a foundation for future endeavors to further interrogate the organ and tissue specificity of metabolism in the last living genus of a fern family that was prevalent in the forests of the late Paleozoic era. View Full-Text
Keywords: Equisetum; flavonoid; galactolipid; metabolomics; phenolic acid conjugate; quantitative PCR (polymerase chain reaction); styrylpyrone Equisetum; flavonoid; galactolipid; metabolomics; phenolic acid conjugate; quantitative PCR (polymerase chain reaction); styrylpyrone
Show Figures

Figure 1

  • Supplementary File 1:

    ZIP-Document (ZIP, 14492 KiB)

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.6420114
    Description: Supplementary Table S1
  • Externally hosted supplementary file 2
    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.6420126
    Description: Supplementary Table S2
  • Externally hosted supplementary file 3
    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.6420132
    Description: Supplementary Table S3
  • Externally hosted supplementary file 4
    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.6420155
    Description: Supplementary Figure S1
MDPI and ACS Style

Parrish, A.N.; Lange, I.; Šamec, D.; Lange, B.M. Differential Accumulation of Metabolites and Transcripts Related to Flavonoid, Styrylpyrone, and Galactolipid Biosynthesis in Equisetum Species and Tissue Types. Metabolites 2022, 12, 403. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo12050403

AMA Style

Parrish AN, Lange I, Šamec D, Lange BM. Differential Accumulation of Metabolites and Transcripts Related to Flavonoid, Styrylpyrone, and Galactolipid Biosynthesis in Equisetum Species and Tissue Types. Metabolites. 2022; 12(5):403. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo12050403

Chicago/Turabian Style

Parrish, Amber N., Iris Lange, Dunja Šamec, and Bernd Markus Lange. 2022. "Differential Accumulation of Metabolites and Transcripts Related to Flavonoid, Styrylpyrone, and Galactolipid Biosynthesis in Equisetum Species and Tissue Types" Metabolites 12, no. 5: 403. https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo12050403

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop