Next Article in Journal
A Complementary Recycling Operational Transconductance Amplifier with Data-Driven Enhancement of Transconductance
Previous Article in Journal
Development and Implementation of a Low Cost μC- based Brushless DC Motor Sensorless Controller: A Practical Analysis of Hardware and Software Aspects
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

A Framework for Analyzing and Testing Cyber– Physical Interactions for Smart Grid Applications

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174, USA
2
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of West Florida, Pensacola, Fl 32514, USA
3
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Florida Polytechnic University, Lakeland, FL 33805, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(12), 1455; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8121455
Received: 31 October 2019 / Revised: 14 November 2019 / Accepted: 22 November 2019 / Published: 1 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications for Smart Cyber Physical Systems)
The reliable performance of the smart grid is a function of the configuration and cyber–physical nature of its constituting sub-systems. Therefore, the ability to capture the interactions between its cyber and physical domains is necessary to understand the effect that each one has on the other. As such, the work in this paper presents a co-simulation platform that formalizes the understanding of cyber information flow and the dynamic behavior of physical systems, and captures the interactions between them in smart grid applications. Power system simulation software packages, embedded microcontrollers, and a real communication infrastructure are combined together to provide a cohesive smart grid cyber–physical platform. A data-centric communication scheme, with automatic network discovery, was selected to provide an interoperability layer between multi-vendor devices and software packages, and to bridge different protocols. The effectiveness of the proposed framework was verified in three case studies: (1) hierarchical control of electric vehicles charging in microgrids, (2) International Electrotechnical Committee (IEC) 61850 protocol emulation for protection of active distribution networks, and (3) resiliency enhancement against fake data injection attacks. The results showed that the co-simulation platform provided a high-fidelity design, analysis, and testing environment for cyber information flow and their effect on the physical operation of the smart grid, as they were experimentally verified, down to the packet, over a real communication network.
Keywords: co-simulation; cyber security; cyber–physical systems; DDS middleware; IEC 61850; IED; interoperability; smart grid co-simulation; cyber security; cyber–physical systems; DDS middleware; IEC 61850; IED; interoperability; smart grid
MDPI and ACS Style

El Hariri, M.; Youssef, T.; Saleh, M.; Faddel, S.; Habib, H.; Mohammed, O. A Framework for Analyzing and Testing Cyber– Physical Interactions for Smart Grid Applications. Electronics 2019, 8, 1455.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop