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Electronics 2018, 7(12), 443; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics7120443

An Image Recognition-Based Approach to Actin Cytoskeleton Quantification

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
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Received: 6 November 2018 / Revised: 3 December 2018 / Accepted: 12 December 2018 / Published: 17 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Bioelectronics)
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Abstract

Quantification of the actin cytoskeleton is of prime importance to unveil the cellular force sensing and transduction mechanism. Although fluorescence imaging provides a convenient tool for observing the morphology of the actin cytoskeleton, due to the lack of approaches to accurate actin cytoskeleton quantification, the dynamics of mechanotransduction is still poorly understood. Currently, the existing image-based actin cytoskeleton analysis tools are either incapable of quantifying both the orientation and the quantity of the actin cytoskeleton simultaneously or the quantified results are subject to analysis artifacts. In this study, we propose an image recognition-based actin cytoskeleton quantification (IRAQ) approach, which quantifies both the actin cytoskeleton orientation and quantity by using edge, line, and brightness detection algorithms. The actin cytoskeleton is quantified through three parameters: the partial actin-cytoskeletal deviation (PAD), the total actin-cytoskeletal deviation (TAD), and the average actin-cytoskeletal intensity (AAI). First, Canny and Sobel edge detectors are applied to skeletonize the actin cytoskeleton images, then PAD and TAD are quantified using the line directions detected by Hough transform, and AAI is calculated through the summational brightness over the detected cell area. To verify the quantification accuracy, the proposed IRAQ was applied to six artificially-generated actin cytoskeleton mesh work models. The average error for both the quantified PAD and TAD was less than 1.22 . Then, IRAQ was implemented to quantify the actin cytoskeleton of NIH/3T3 cells treated with an F-actin inhibitor (latrunculin B). The quantification results suggest that the local and total actin-cytoskeletal organization became more disordered with the increase of latrunculin B dosage, and the quantity of the actin cytoskeleton showed a monotonically decreasing relation with latrunculin B dosage. View Full-Text
Keywords: cell mechanics; actin cytoskeleton; Hough transform; Canny edge detector; Sobel edge detector; image recognition-based actin cytoskeleton quantification cell mechanics; actin cytoskeleton; Hough transform; Canny edge detector; Sobel edge detector; image recognition-based actin cytoskeleton quantification
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Liu, Y.; Mollaeian, K.; Ren, J. An Image Recognition-Based Approach to Actin Cytoskeleton Quantification. Electronics 2018, 7, 443.

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