Next Article in Journal
Preparation of Readily-to-Use Stilbenoids Extract from Morus alba Callus Using a Natural Deep Eutectic Solvent
Next Article in Special Issue
Addressing Human Skin Ethnicity: Contribution of Tissue Engineering to the Development of Cosmetic Ingredients
Previous Article in Journal
Skin Care Formulations and Lipid Carriers as Skin Moisturizing Agents
Previous Article in Special Issue
Lipid Nanoparticles Based Cosmetics with Potential Application in Alleviating Skin Disorders
 
 
Review

Topical Probiotics Do Not Satisfy New Criteria for Effective Use Due to Insufficient Skin Microbiome Knowledge

Pavane Research Centre, Reading, Berkshire RG1 4QD, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Enzo Berardesca
Cosmetics 2021, 8(3), 90; https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics8030090
Received: 7 September 2021 / Revised: 15 September 2021 / Accepted: 16 September 2021 / Published: 17 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Cosmetics in 2021)
We propose a set of criteria for topical probiotics to adhere to for safe and effective use for the skin microbiome. To form the basis of the criteria, we redefine the term “probiotics” and discuss successful and unsuccessful high-profile examples of the artificial addition of organisms to ecosystems in nature to understand what worked and what did not. Probiotics are often immediately assumed to have health benefits. However, as ecologists are aware, interfering with ecosystems is potentially catastrophic. The addition or removal of just one organism can significantly upset the delicate ecosystem balance. If our criteria are not met, we argue that topical probiotics could also cause damage and will not be beneficial. Due to the large intra- and inter-personal variation of the skin microbiome, our current knowledge of a healthy skin microbiome composition is not complete enough to fully satisfy the criteria. In follow-up work, we will investigate whether current topical probiotics research and commercial products meet our new criteria. We will also discuss problems with how to measure their effectiveness and suggest alternative solutions to replacing the lost biodiversity of the skin microbiome that was stripped away by environmental factors in the Western world. View Full-Text
Keywords: topical probiotics; skin microbiome; biodiversity; microbial diversity; skin microbiome biodiversity; skin problems; skin allergies; ecosystem topical probiotics; skin microbiome; biodiversity; microbial diversity; skin microbiome biodiversity; skin problems; skin allergies; ecosystem
MDPI and ACS Style

Wallen-Russell, C.; Wallen-Russell, S. Topical Probiotics Do Not Satisfy New Criteria for Effective Use Due to Insufficient Skin Microbiome Knowledge. Cosmetics 2021, 8, 90. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics8030090

AMA Style

Wallen-Russell C, Wallen-Russell S. Topical Probiotics Do Not Satisfy New Criteria for Effective Use Due to Insufficient Skin Microbiome Knowledge. Cosmetics. 2021; 8(3):90. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics8030090

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wallen-Russell, Christopher, and Samuel Wallen-Russell. 2021. "Topical Probiotics Do Not Satisfy New Criteria for Effective Use Due to Insufficient Skin Microbiome Knowledge" Cosmetics 8, no. 3: 90. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics8030090

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop