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Coatings 2017, 7(8), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings7080115

Investigation of Structural and Electronic Properties of CH3NH3PbI3 Stabilized by Varying Concentrations of Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) (PMMA)

1
Department of Physics, School of Natural Sciences, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, P.O. Box 190-50100, Kakamega, Kenya
2
Department of Physics, School of Physical Sciences, University of Nairobi, P.O. Box 30197-00100, Nairobi, Kenya
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 May 2017 / Revised: 12 July 2017 / Accepted: 18 July 2017 / Published: 3 August 2017
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Abstract

Studies have shown that perovskites have a high potential of outdoing silicon based solar cells in terms of solar energy conversion, but their rate of degradation is also high. This study reports on improvement on the stability of CH3NH3PbI3 by passivating it with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA). Structural and electronic properties of CH3NH3PbI3 stabilized by polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) were investigated by varying concentrations of PMMA in the polymer solutions. Stability tests were performed over a period of time using modulated surface photovoltage (SPV) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and photoluminescence (PL) measurements. The XRD patterns confirm the tetragonal structure of the deposited CH3NH3PbI3 for every concentration of PMMA. Furthermore, CH3NH3PbI3 coated with 40 mg/mL of PMMA did not show any impurity phase even after storage in air for 43 days. The Tauc gap (ETauc) determined on the basis of the in-phase SPV spectra was found in the range from 1.585 to 1.62 eV for the samples stored during initial days, but shifted towards lower energies as the storage time increased. This can be proposed to be due to different chemical reactions between CH3NH3PbI3/PMMA interfaces and air. PL intensity increased with increasing concentration of PMMA except for the perovskite coated with 40 mg/mL of PMMA. PL quenching in the perovskite coated with 40 mg/mL of PMMA can be interpreted as fast electron transfer towards the substrate in the sample. This study shows that, with an optimum concentration of PMMA coating on CH3NH3PbI3, the lifetime and hence stability on electrical and structural behavior of CH3NH3PbI3 is improved. View Full-Text
Keywords: CH3NH3PbI3; PMMA; surface photovoltage CH3NH3PbI3; PMMA; surface photovoltage
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Awino, C.; Odari, V.; Sakwa, T. Investigation of Structural and Electronic Properties of CH3NH3PbI3 Stabilized by Varying Concentrations of Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) (PMMA). Coatings 2017, 7, 115.

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