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Green Synthesis, Characterization and Application of Proanthocyanidins-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles

1,2,†, 3,†, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2,* and 1,2,*
Key Laboratory of Forest Plant Ecology, Ministry of Education, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
State Engineering Laboratory of Bio-Resource Eco-Utilization, Harbin 150040, China
Analysis and Test Center, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Nanomaterials 2018, 8(1), 53;
Received: 21 December 2017 / Revised: 16 January 2018 / Accepted: 16 January 2018 / Published: 21 January 2018
PDF [3459 KB, uploaded 21 January 2018]


Green synthesis of gold nanoparticles using plant extracts is one of the more promising approaches for obtaining environmentally friendly nanomaterials for biological applications and environmental remediation. In this study, proanthocyanidins-functionalized gold nanoparticles were synthesized via a hydrothermal method. The obtained gold nanoparticles were characterized by ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometry (UV-Vis), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements. UV-Vis and FTIR results indicated that the obtained products were mainly spherical in shape, and that the phenolic hydroxyl of proanthocyanidins had strong interactions with the gold surface. TEM and XRD determination revealed that the synthesized gold nanoparticles had a highly crystalline structure and good monodispersity. The application of proanthocyanidins-functionalized gold nanoparticles for the removal of dyes and heavy metal ions Ni2+, Cu2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ in an aqueous solution was investigated. The primary results indicate that proanthocyanidins-functionalized gold nanoparticles had high removal rates for the heavy metal ions and dye, which implies that they have potential applications as a new kind of adsorbent for the removal of contaminants in aqueous solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: proanthocyanidins; gold nanoparticles; heavy metal ions; dye proanthocyanidins; gold nanoparticles; heavy metal ions; dye

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Biao, L.; Tan, S.; Meng, Q.; Gao, J.; Zhang, X.; Liu, Z.; Fu, Y. Green Synthesis, Characterization and Application of Proanthocyanidins-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 53.

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