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Article

Preparation and Characterization of Nano-CaCO3/Ceresine Wax Composite Shell Microcapsules Containing E-44 Epoxy Resin for Self-Healing of Cement-Based Materials

by 1,2,*, 1 and 3
1
School of Material Science and Chemical Engineering, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Silicate Materials for Architectures, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
3
Department of Integrated Energy and Infra System, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon-si 24341, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alberto Fina
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(2), 197; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12020197
Received: 9 November 2021 / Revised: 10 December 2021 / Accepted: 15 December 2021 / Published: 7 January 2022
As an intelligent material, microcapsules can efficiently self-heal internal microcracks and microdefects formed in cement-based materials during service and improve their durability. In this paper, microcapsules of nano-CaCO3/ceresine wax composite shell encapsulated with E-44 epoxy resin were prepared via the melt condensation method. The core content, compactness, particle size distribution, morphologies, chemical structure and micromechanical properties of microcapsules were characterized. The results showed that the encapsulation ability, mechanical properties and compactness of microcapsules were further improved by adding nano-CaCO3 to ceresine wax. The core content, elastic modulus, hardness and weight loss rate (60 days) of nano-CaCO3/ceresine wax composite shell microcapsules (WM2) were 80.6%, 2.02 GPA, 72.54 MPa and 1.6%, respectively. SEM showed that WM2 was regularly spherical with a rough surface and sufficient space inside the microcapsules to store the healing agent. The incorporation of WM2 to mortar can greatly improve the self-healing ability of mortar after pre-damage. After 14 days of self-healing, the compressive strength recovery rate, proportion of harmful pores and chloride ion diffusion coefficient recovery rate increased to 90.1%, 45.54% and 79.8%, respectively. In addition, WM2 also has good self-healing ability for mortar surface cracks, and cracks with initial width of less than 0.35 mm on the mortar surface can completely self-heal within 3 days. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-healing; microcapsules; cement-based materials; nano-CaCO3; nanoindentation self-healing; microcapsules; cement-based materials; nano-CaCO3; nanoindentation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Du, W.; Li, E.; Lin, R. Preparation and Characterization of Nano-CaCO3/Ceresine Wax Composite Shell Microcapsules Containing E-44 Epoxy Resin for Self-Healing of Cement-Based Materials. Nanomaterials 2022, 12, 197. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12020197

AMA Style

Du W, Li E, Lin R. Preparation and Characterization of Nano-CaCO3/Ceresine Wax Composite Shell Microcapsules Containing E-44 Epoxy Resin for Self-Healing of Cement-Based Materials. Nanomaterials. 2022; 12(2):197. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12020197

Chicago/Turabian Style

Du, Wei, Erwang Li, and Runsheng Lin. 2022. "Preparation and Characterization of Nano-CaCO3/Ceresine Wax Composite Shell Microcapsules Containing E-44 Epoxy Resin for Self-Healing of Cement-Based Materials" Nanomaterials 12, no. 2: 197. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12020197

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