Next Article in Journal
Maintaining the Connection: Strategic Approaches to Keeping the Link between Initiating Congregations and Their Social Service Off-Spring
Next Article in Special Issue
The Internal Consistency Reliability of the Katz-Francis Scale of Attitude toward Judaism among Australian Jews
Previous Article in Journal
Self-Assertion in the Public Sphere: The Jewish Press on the Eve of Legal Emancipation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Children’s Spiritual Lives: The Development of a Children’s Spirituality Measure
Article Menu

Printed Edition

A printed edition of this Special Issue is available at MDPI Books....
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

The NERSH International Collaboration on Values, Spirituality and Religion in Medicine: Development of Questionnaire, Description of Data Pool, and Overview of Pool Publications

Research Unit of General Practice, Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C 5000, Denmark
Department of Mental Health Kolding-Vejle, Vejle 7100, Denmark
Trent Center for Bioethics, Humanities, and History of Medicine, Duke University, Durham NC 27613, USA
Caritas Science and Christian Social Work, Faculty of Theology, Freiburg University, Freiburg im Breisgau 79098, Germany
Research Centre Spiritual Care, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, The University Hospital Klinikum rechts der Isar, Langerstr. 3, Munich 81675, Germany
Munich School of Philosophy, Kaulbachstr. 31, Munich 80539, Germany
Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
Department of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Avenida Eugênio de Nascimento 
s/n-Aeroporto, Juiz de Fora 36038330, MG, Brazil
Harvard Divinity School, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
AdiBhat Foundation, New Delhi 110048, India
Department of Psychiatry, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, East Java 60115, Indonesia
Medical Faculty, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, München 81377, Germany
Medical Faculty, University of Bern, Bern 3012, Switzerland
Research Institute for Spirituality and Health (RISH), Langenthal 4900, Switzerland
College of Medicine, King Saud University (KSU), Riyadh 11461, Saudi Arabia
Medical Faculty, University of Basel, Basel 4003, Switzerland
Institute of Integrative Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Witten/Herdecke University, Gerhard-Kienle-Weg 4, Herdecke D-58313, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paweł Marian Socha
Religions 2016, 7(8), 107;
Received: 18 May 2016 / Revised: 18 July 2016 / Accepted: 26 July 2016 / Published: 23 August 2016
Modern healthcare research has only in recent years investigated the impact of health care workers’ religious and other moral values on medical practice, interaction with patients, and ethically complex decision-making. Thus far, no international data exist on the way such values vary across different countries. We therefore established the NERSH International Collaboration on Values in Medicine with datasets on physician religious characteristics and values based on the same survey instrument. The present article provides (a) an overview of the development of the original and optimized survey instruments, (b) an overview of the content of the NERSH data pool at this stage and (c) a brief review of insights gained from articles published with the questionnaire. The questionnaire was developed in 2002, after extensive pretesting in the United States and subsequently translated from English into other languages using forward-backward translations with Face Validations. In 2013, representatives of several national research groups came together and worked at optimizing the survey instrument for future use on the basis of the existing datasets. Research groups were identified through personal contacts with researchers requesting to use the instrument, as well as through two literature searches. Data were assembled in Stata and synchronized for their comparability using a matched intersection design based on the items in the original questionnaire. With a few optimizations and added modules appropriate for cultures more secular than that of the United States, the survey instrument holds promise as a tool for future comparative analyses. The pool at this stage consists of data from eleven studies conducted by research teams in nine different countries over six continents with responses from more than 6000 health professionals. Inspection of data between groups suggests large differences in religious and other moral values across nations and cultures, and that these values account for differences in health professional’s clinical practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: religion and health; spirituality; physician values; communication; medical ethics religion and health; spirituality; physician values; communication; medical ethics
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Hvidt, N.C.; Kappel Kørup, A.; Curlin, F.A.; Baumann, K.; Frick, E.; Søndergaard, J.; Nielsen, J.B.; DePont Christensen, R.; Lawrence, R.; Lucchetti, G.; Ramakrishnan, P.; Karimah, A.; Schulze, A.; Wermuth, I.; Schouten, E.; Hefti, R.; Lee, E.; AlYousefi, N.A.; Balslev van Randwijk, C.; Kuseyri, C.; Mukwayakala, T.; Wey, M.; Eglin, M.; Opsahl, T.; Büssing, A. The NERSH International Collaboration on Values, Spirituality and Religion in Medicine: Development of Questionnaire, Description of Data Pool, and Overview of Pool Publications. Religions 2016, 7, 107.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop