Table of Contents
Religions, Volume 11, Issue 5 (May 2020) – 53 articles
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Cover Story (view full-size image) The late gangster Bindy Johal (1971–1998) was the leader of a successful Indo-Canadian gang in [...] Read more. The late gangster Bindy Johal (1971–1998) was the leader of a successful Indo-Canadian gang in Vancouver. However, many in the community perceive Johal as a “folk devil” as he is still able lure young Punjabi men to gangs. However, a counter-narrative emerges that views Johal in a more sympathetic light, as he performed a form of counter-masculinity that was the direct result of the racism that working-class boys and men experience. The rise of Punjabi gangsterism coincides with the region’s long-standing history with Sikh extremist movements with both animating concepts of the sant (warrior) and izzat (honor) through the display of hypermasculinity. The overall effect of these contradictory narratives is the overshadowing of racism, class oppression and a regional history with Sikh extremist movements that demonstrate why gang involvement may be appealing. View this paper