Next Article in Journal
High-Frequency Radar Observations of Surface Circulation Features along the South-Western Australian Coast
Next Article in Special Issue
Surface Crack Growth in Offshore Metallic Pipes under Cyclic Loads: A Literature Review
Previous Article in Journal
A Method for Heterogeneous Spatio-Temporal Data Integration in Support of Marine Aquaculture Site Selection
Previous Article in Special Issue
Numerical Simulation of Flow Control around a Circular Cylinder by Installing a Wedge-Shaped Device Upstream
Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Conceptual Design and Numerical Analysis of a Novel Floating Desalination Plant Powered by Marine Renewable Energy for Egypt

1
Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, Port Said University, Port Said 42511, Egypt
2
Egypt Desalination Research Centerpf Excellence (EDRC) and Hydrogeochemistry Department, Desert Research Centre, Cairo 11753, Egypt
3
Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport, Alexandria 1029, Egypt
4
Naval Architecture, Ocean and Marine Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G4 0LZ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8(2), 95; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8020095
Received: 20 December 2019 / Revised: 29 January 2020 / Accepted: 2 February 2020 / Published: 4 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Offshore and Subsea Structures)
The supply of freshwater has become a worldwide interest, due to serious water shortages in many countries. Due to rapid increases in the population, poor water management, and limitations of freshwater resources, Egypt is currently below the water scarcity limit. Since Egypt has approximately 3000 km of coastlines on both the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, seawater desalination powered by marine renewable energy could be a sustainable alternative solution, especially for remote coastal cities which are located far from the national water grid. The objective of this research work is to evaluate the feasibility of a floating desalination plant (FDP) concept powered by marine renewable energy for Egypt. A novel design of the FDP concept is developed as an innovative solution to overcome the freshwater shortage of remote coastal cities in Egypt. A mobile floating platform supported by reverse osmosis (RO) membrane powered by marine renewable power technology is proposed. Based on the abundant solar irradiation and sufficient wind density, Ras Ghareb was selected to be the base site location for the proposed FDP concept. According to the collected data from the selected location, a hybrid solar–wind system was designed to power the FDP concept under a maximum power load condition. A numerical tool, the DNV-GL Sesam software package, was used for static stability, hydrodynamic performance, and dynamic response evaluation. Moreover, WAVE software was used to design and simulate the operation of the RO desalination system and calculate the power consumption for the proposed FDP concept. The results show that the proposed mobile FDP concept is highly suitable for being implemented in remote coastal areas in Egypt, without the need for infrastructure or connection to the national grid for both water and power. View Full-Text
Keywords: desalination; floating desalination plant; hybrid renewable energy systems; marine renewable energy; offshore marine platform desalination; floating desalination plant; hybrid renewable energy systems; marine renewable energy; offshore marine platform
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Amin, I.; Ali, M.E.A.; Bayoumi, S.; Oterkus, S.; Shawky, H.; Oterkus, E. Conceptual Design and Numerical Analysis of a Novel Floating Desalination Plant Powered by Marine Renewable Energy for Egypt. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2020, 8, 95. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8020095

AMA Style

Amin I, Ali MEA, Bayoumi S, Oterkus S, Shawky H, Oterkus E. Conceptual Design and Numerical Analysis of a Novel Floating Desalination Plant Powered by Marine Renewable Energy for Egypt. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2020; 8(2):95. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8020095

Chicago/Turabian Style

Amin, Islam; Ali, Mohamed E.A.; Bayoumi, Seif; Oterkus, Selda; Shawky, Hosam; Oterkus, Erkan. 2020. "Conceptual Design and Numerical Analysis of a Novel Floating Desalination Plant Powered by Marine Renewable Energy for Egypt" J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 8, no. 2: 95. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse8020095

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop