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Association between Periodontitis and High Blood Pressure: Results from the Study of Periodontal Health in Almada-Seixal (SoPHiAS)
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Association between Periodontal Diseases and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Systematic Review

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Department of Stomatology, University Hospital Doctor Peset-FISABIO, 46017 Valencia, Spain
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Department of Stomatology, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
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Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, University Hospital Doctor Peset-FISABIO, 46017 Valencia, Spain
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CIBER CB06/04/0071 Research Group, CIBER Hepatic and Digestive Diseases, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9(5), 1586; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9051586
Received: 2 April 2020 / Revised: 18 May 2020 / Accepted: 19 May 2020 / Published: 23 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Health and Systemic Diseases)
Background: A convergent association between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and periodontal disease, in particular chronic periodontitis (CP), has recently been proposed. The underlying molecular mechanisms of this association are not fully understood, though it is thought that chronic inflammation is responsible. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association between periodontal disease—gingivitis and CP—and PCOS. Materials and Methods: The PICO (Participants, Intervention, Control, and Outcomes) question was as follows: “Is there an association between PCOS and CP?” A systematic review of three databases—PubMed, Embase and Scopus—was performed following PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. Original studies in human cohorts carried out in the last 10 years and including a control group were eligible for inclusion. Letters to the editor, case reports, and reviews were not considered. Results: Ten articles met all the selection criteria and provided a positive answer to the PICO question. Our review of these articles revealed an association between CP and PCOS, since periodontal parameters were altered more frequently in patients with these conditions than in healthy young women. This altered periodontal response in PCOS was associated with a proinflammatory status that seemed to increase susceptibility to periodontal disease. Conclusion: Patients with PCOS appear to be more susceptible to developing periodontal diseases than women without the pathology. View Full-Text
Keywords: periodontal diseases; chronic periodontitis; polycystic ovary syndrome; insulin resistance periodontal diseases; chronic periodontitis; polycystic ovary syndrome; insulin resistance
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Márquez-Arrico, C.F.; Silvestre-Rangil, J.; Gutiérrez-Castillo, L.; Martinez-Herrera, M.; Silvestre, F.J.; Rocha, M. Association between Periodontal Diseases and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Systematic Review. J. Clin. Med. 2020, 9, 1586.

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