Next Article in Journal
A Combined Score of Circulating miRNAs Allows Outcome Prediction in Critically Ill Patients
Next Article in Special Issue
Advances in Understanding the Relationship between Sleep and Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Previous Article in Journal
Prediction of One-Year Mortality Based upon A New Staged Mortality Risk Model in Patients with Aortic Stenosis Undergoing Transcatheter Valve Replacement
Previous Article in Special Issue
Deficits in Conditional Discrimination Learning in Children with ADHD Are Independent of Delay Aversion and Working Memory
Open AccessArticle

Prevalence of ADHD in Accident Victims: Results of the PRADA Study

1
Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe-University, D-60528 Frankfurt/Main, Germany
2
Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Würzburg, Julius-Maximilians-University Würzburg, D-97080 Würzburg, Germany
3
Berufsgenossenschaftliche Unfallklinik, D-60389 Frankfurt/Main, Germany
4
Department Trauma, Hand and Reconstructive Surgery, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe-University, D-60596 Frankfurt/Main, Germany
5
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe-University, D-60596 Frankfurt/Main, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(10), 1643; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8101643
Received: 9 August 2019 / Revised: 30 September 2019 / Accepted: 2 October 2019 / Published: 8 October 2019
Background: Recent research has shown an increased risk of accidents and injuries in ADHD patients, which could potentially be reduced by stimulant treatment. Therefore, the first aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence of adult ADHD in a trauma surgery population. The second aim was to investigate accident mechanisms and circumstances which could be specific to ADHD patients, in comparison to the general population. Methods: We screened 905 accident victims for ADHD using the ASRS 18-item self-report questionnaire. The basic demographic data and circumstances of the accidents were also assessed. Results: Prevalence of adult ADHD was found to be 6.18% in our trauma surgery patient sample. ADHD accident victims reported significantly higher rates of distraction, stress and overconfidence in comparison to non-ADHD accident victims. Overconfidence and being in thoughts as causal mechanisms for the accidents remained significantly higher in ADHD patients after correction for multiple comparison. ADHD patients additionally reported a history of multiple accidents. Conclusion: The majority of ADHD patients in our sample had not previously been diagnosed and were therefore not receiving treatment. The results subsequently suggest that general ADHD screening in trauma surgery patients may be useful in preventing further accidents in ADHD patients. Furthermore, psychoeducation regarding specific causal accident mechanisms could be implemented in ADHD therapy to decrease accident incidence rate. View Full-Text
Keywords: adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (adult ADHD); accidents; psychosocial stress; cross-sectional study adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (adult ADHD); accidents; psychosocial stress; cross-sectional study
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kittel-Schneider, S.; Wolff, S.; Queiser, K.; Wessendorf, L.; Meier, A.M.; Verdenhalven, M.; Brunkhorst-Kanaan, N.; Grimm, O.; McNeill, R.; Grabow, S.; Reimertz, C.; Nau, C.; Klos, M.; Reif, A. Prevalence of ADHD in Accident Victims: Results of the PRADA Study. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 1643.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop