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Influence of the Self-Perception of Old Age on the Effect of a Healthy Aging Program

1
Unidad de Investigación en Gerontología, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Guelatao N° 66, Col. Ejército de Oriente, 09230 Ciudad de México, Mexico
2
Escuela Nacional de Trabajo Social, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, CP 04510 Ciudad de México, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(5), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7050106
Received: 27 March 2018 / Revised: 29 April 2018 / Accepted: 2 May 2018 / Published: 7 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
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Abstract

It has been shown that health programs are useful for the prevention and control of chronic diseases in community-dwelling older people; however, a negative self-perception of old age could have an effect on the results. Therefore, our aim was to evaluate the effect of a healthy aging program linked to self-perception of old age in Mexican community-dwelling older people. A pre-test/post-test single-group design study was conducted in a convenience sample of 64 older people who undertook the entire healthy aging program workshop (five months’ duration). We measured self-perception of old age, efficacy of self-care, blood glucose concentration, anthropometric measures, and blood pressure before and after the workshop. A statistically significant decrease in blood glucose concentration was observed (baseline 136 ± 50 vs. post-intervention, 124 ± 45 ± 29 mg/dL, p < 0.01), LDL (baseline 153 ± 47 vs. post-intervention, 130 ± 36 mg/dL, p < 0.01), systolic blood pressure (130 ± 20 vs. 119 ± 11 mm/Hg, p < 0.001), and diastolic blood pressure (75 ± 9 vs. 72 ± 7 mm/Hg, p < 0.05) after community intervention. However, when we analyzed the data regarding self-perception, we found that this difference was only maintained in the subgroup of older adults with a positive self-perception of old age. Our findings suggest that the self-perception of old age influences the effect of healthy aging programs on the health of community-dwelling older people. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-perception of old age; self-care; healthy aging; Mexican community-dwelling older people self-perception of old age; self-care; healthy aging; Mexican community-dwelling older people
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Mendoza-Núñez, V.M.; Sarmiento-Salmorán, E.; Marín-Cortés, R.; Martínez-Maldonado, M.D.L.; Ruiz-Ramos, M. Influence of the Self-Perception of Old Age on the Effect of a Healthy Aging Program. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 106.

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