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Article

Influence of the Self-Perception of Old Age on the Effect of a Healthy Aging Program

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Unidad de Investigación en Gerontología, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Guelatao N° 66, Col. Ejército de Oriente, 09230 Ciudad de México, Mexico
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Escuela Nacional de Trabajo Social, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, CP 04510 Ciudad de México, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(5), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7050106
Received: 27 March 2018 / Revised: 29 April 2018 / Accepted: 2 May 2018 / Published: 7 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Epidemiology & Public Health)
It has been shown that health programs are useful for the prevention and control of chronic diseases in community-dwelling older people; however, a negative self-perception of old age could have an effect on the results. Therefore, our aim was to evaluate the effect of a healthy aging program linked to self-perception of old age in Mexican community-dwelling older people. A pre-test/post-test single-group design study was conducted in a convenience sample of 64 older people who undertook the entire healthy aging program workshop (five months’ duration). We measured self-perception of old age, efficacy of self-care, blood glucose concentration, anthropometric measures, and blood pressure before and after the workshop. A statistically significant decrease in blood glucose concentration was observed (baseline 136 ± 50 vs. post-intervention, 124 ± 45 ± 29 mg/dL, p < 0.01), LDL (baseline 153 ± 47 vs. post-intervention, 130 ± 36 mg/dL, p < 0.01), systolic blood pressure (130 ± 20 vs. 119 ± 11 mm/Hg, p < 0.001), and diastolic blood pressure (75 ± 9 vs. 72 ± 7 mm/Hg, p < 0.05) after community intervention. However, when we analyzed the data regarding self-perception, we found that this difference was only maintained in the subgroup of older adults with a positive self-perception of old age. Our findings suggest that the self-perception of old age influences the effect of healthy aging programs on the health of community-dwelling older people. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-perception of old age; self-care; healthy aging; Mexican community-dwelling older people self-perception of old age; self-care; healthy aging; Mexican community-dwelling older people
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mendoza-Núñez, V.M.; Sarmiento-Salmorán, E.; Marín-Cortés, R.; Martínez-Maldonado, M.D.l.L.; Ruiz-Ramos, M. Influence of the Self-Perception of Old Age on the Effect of a Healthy Aging Program. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 106. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7050106

AMA Style

Mendoza-Núñez VM, Sarmiento-Salmorán E, Marín-Cortés R, Martínez-Maldonado MDlL, Ruiz-Ramos M. Influence of the Self-Perception of Old Age on the Effect of a Healthy Aging Program. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 2018; 7(5):106. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7050106

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mendoza-Núñez, Víctor M., Elia Sarmiento-Salmorán, Regulo Marín-Cortés, María D.l.L. Martínez-Maldonado, and Mirna Ruiz-Ramos. 2018. "Influence of the Self-Perception of Old Age on the Effect of a Healthy Aging Program" Journal of Clinical Medicine 7, no. 5: 106. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7050106

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