Expression Comparison of Oil Biosynthesis Genes in Oil Palm Mesocarp Tissue Using Custom Array
AbstractGene expression changes that occur during mesocarp development are a major research focus in oil palm research due to the economic importance of this tissue and the relatively rapid increase in lipid content to very high levels at fruit ripeness. Here, we report the development of a transcriptome-based 105,000-probe oil palm mesocarp microarray. The expression of genes involved in fatty acid (FA) and triacylglycerol (TAG) assembly, along with the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA) and glycolysis pathway at 16 Weeks After Anthesis (WAA) exhibited significantly higher signals compared to those obtained from a cross-species hybridization to the Arabidopsis (p-value < 0.01), and rice (p-value < 0.01) arrays. The oil palm microarray data also showed comparable correlation of expression (r2 = 0.569, p < 0.01) throughout mesocarp development to transcriptome (RNA sequencing) data, and improved correlation over quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) (r2 = 0.721, p < 0.01) of the same RNA samples. The results confirm the advantage of the custom microarray over commercially available arrays derived from model species. We demonstrate the utility of this custom microarray to gain a better understanding of gene expression patterns in the oil palm mesocarp that may lead to increasing future oil yield. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (XLSX, 65 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Wong, Y.C.; Kwong, Q.B.; Lee, H.L.; Ong, C.K.; Mayes, S.; Chew, F.T.; Appleton, D.R.; Kulaveerasingam, H. Expression Comparison of Oil Biosynthesis Genes in Oil Palm Mesocarp Tissue Using Custom Array. Microarrays 2014, 3, 263-281.
Wong YC, Kwong QB, Lee HL, Ong CK, Mayes S, Chew FT, Appleton DR, Kulaveerasingam H. Expression Comparison of Oil Biosynthesis Genes in Oil Palm Mesocarp Tissue Using Custom Array. Microarrays. 2014; 3(4):263-281.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wong, Yick C.; Kwong, Qi B.; Lee, Heng L.; Ong, Chuang K.; Mayes, Sean; Chew, Fook T.; Appleton, David R.; Kulaveerasingam, Harikrishna. 2014. "Expression Comparison of Oil Biosynthesis Genes in Oil Palm Mesocarp Tissue Using Custom Array." Microarrays 3, no. 4: 263-281.