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Open AccessArticle

The Cascade Control of Natural Gas Pipeline Systems

by Kai Wen 1,2, Jing Gong 1,* and Yan Wu 3
Beijing Key Laboratory of Urban Oil and Gas Distribution Technology, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing 102200, China
State Key Laboratory for Manufacturing Systems Engineering, Xi‘an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
PetroChina West East Pipeline Company, Shanghai 200122, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(3), 481;
Received: 9 November 2018 / Revised: 19 January 2019 / Accepted: 23 January 2019 / Published: 30 January 2019
With the boost of natural gas consumption, an automatic gas pipeline scheduling method is required to replace the dispatchers in decision making. Since the state space model is the fundamental work of modern control theory, it is possible that the classical controller synthesis method can be used for the complicated gas pipeline controller design. In this paper, a cascade control algorithm is proposed based on the state space model that is used for the transient flow simulation of the natural gas pipelines. A linear quadratic regulator is designed following the classical optimal control theory. Finally, the transient process with different control methods shows the effectiveness of the cascade control using information of the entire pipeline. According to the hardware configuration of natural gas pipelines, automatic scheduling process is ready to deploy as one step to the intelligent natural gas pipelines. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural gas pipeline; cascade control; state space model; pipeline scheduling natural gas pipeline; cascade control; state space model; pipeline scheduling
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Wen, K.; Gong, J.; Wu, Y. The Cascade Control of Natural Gas Pipeline Systems. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 481.

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