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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(7), 1120; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8071120

Evaluating the Effects of Steel Fibers on Mechanical Properties of Ultra-High Performance Concrete Using Artificial Neural Networks

1
School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
2
School of Civil Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 June 2018 / Revised: 8 July 2018 / Accepted: 9 July 2018 / Published: 11 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Materials)
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Abstract

Steel fibers enhance the flexural strength, the compressive strength and the ductility of untra-high performance concrete, predicting the flexural strength and the compressive strength of ultra-high performance steel fiber reinforced concrete (UHPFRC) accurately has significant influence on controlling steel fiber volume fraction and optimizing UHPFRC mix proportion. In this study, to evaluate the effects of steel fibers on the mechanical properties of UHPFRC, two artificial neural networks were developed in order to predict the flexural strength and the compressive strength of UHPFRC, respectively. 102 test data sets and 162 test data sets from literature were trained and tested to establish the flexural strength model and the compressive strength model, respectively. In these two models, the influential parameters, including the water to binder ratio, the diameter, the length, the aspect ratio, and the volume fraction of steel fibers, as well as the compressive strength and the flexural strength of concrete without fibers were investigated as the inputs, while the compressive strength and the flexural strength of UHPFRC were the outputs. The results show that the artificial neural network models predicted the compressive strength and flexural strength of UHPFRC accurately. Then, by comparing with existing analytical models, it was determined that the proposed models had high applicability and reliability with respect to predicting the compressive strength and the flexural strength of UHPFRC. View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial neural model; compressive strength; flexural strength; ultra-high performance concrete; steel fiber artificial neural model; compressive strength; flexural strength; ultra-high performance concrete; steel fiber
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Qu, D.; Cai, X.; Chang, W. Evaluating the Effects of Steel Fibers on Mechanical Properties of Ultra-High Performance Concrete Using Artificial Neural Networks. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1120.

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