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One Layer Nonlinear Economic Closed-Loop Generalized Predictive Control for a Wastewater Treatment Plant

1
Department of Automatic and Computer Science, University of Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
2
Higher Technical School of Engineering, Bejar, University of Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(5), 657; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8050657
Received: 21 February 2018 / Revised: 15 April 2018 / Accepted: 18 April 2018 / Published: 24 April 2018
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Abstract

The main scope of this paper is the proposal of a new single layer Nonlinear Economic Closed-Loop Generalized Predictive Control (NECLGPC) as an efficient advanced control technique for improving economics in the operation of nonlinear plants. Instead of the classic dual-mode MPC (model predictive controller) schemes, where the terminal control law defined in the terminal region is obtained offline solving a linear quadratic regulator problem, here the terminal control law in the NECLGPC is determined online by an unconstrained Nonlinear Generalized Predictive Control (NGPC). In order to make the optimization problem more tractable two considerations have been made in the present work. Firstly, the prediction model consisting of a nonlinear phenomenological model of the plant is expressed with linear structure and state dependent matrices. Secondly, instead of including the nonlinear economic cost in the objective function, an approximation of the reduced gradient of the economic function is used. These assumptions allow us to design an economic unconstrained nonlinear GPC analytically and to state the NECLGPC allow for the design of an economic problem as a QP (Quadratic Programing) problem each sampling time. Four controllers based on GPC that differ in designs and structures are compared with the proposed control technique in terms of process performance and energy costs. Particularly, the methodology is implemented in the N-Removal process of a Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) and the results prove the efficiency of the method and that it can be used profitably in practical cases. View Full-Text
Keywords: nonlinear predictive control; wastewater treatment plant; economic optimization; estimation nonlinear predictive control; wastewater treatment plant; economic optimization; estimation
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El bahja, H.; Vega, P.; Revollar, S.; Francisco, M. One Layer Nonlinear Economic Closed-Loop Generalized Predictive Control for a Wastewater Treatment Plant. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 657.

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