Next Article in Journal
Stereoscopic Image Super-Resolution Method with View Incorporation and Convolutional Neural Networks
Next Article in Special Issue
Experimental Study and Numerical Simulation of a Laminated Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall with a Vertical Seam
Previous Article in Journal
Direct-Current Forced Interruption and Breaking Performance of Spiral-Type Contacts in Aero Applications
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Index System for the Development Level Evaluation of Regional Construction Industrialization: A Case Study in Jiangsu, China
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(6), 547;

Modular and Offsite Construction of Piping: Current Barriers and Route

Department of Construction Management, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
Department of Tourism and Urban Management, Jiangxi University of Finance & Economics, Nanchang 330013, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stefano Invernizzi
Received: 12 April 2017 / Revised: 6 May 2017 / Accepted: 19 May 2017 / Published: 26 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Industrialization of the Building Construction Process)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2929 KB, uploaded 26 May 2017]   |  


To investigate current practices and identify challenges of piping prefabrication, this paper conducts a comprehensive survey to mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) contractors. This paper is performed in three main steps. First, the current state of piping prefabrication, the attitude of MEP contractors to piping prefabrication, and the challenges of piping prefabrication are identified through a comprehensive data collection process that included semi-structured interviews, case studies, site visits, and questionnaires. The second step included suggesting a pattern and roadway of piping prefabrication. The results showed that: (1) The attitudes to feasibility of piping prefabrication differ in piping systems, piping connector modes, and types of project; and (2) building information modelling (BIM) promotes the adoption of piping prefabrication. Integrated project delivery (IPD), and distributor’s early involvement into projects have significant effects on the successful implementation of piping prefabrication. (3) The main barriers and challenges were identified including the low level of standardization of design, lack of preferential policy, economies of scale, low-skilled workers, as well as the availability of fittings and valves. In the final step, a four-phase route of piping prefabrication is suggested for MEP contractors to expand the prefabrication capacity incrementally. The main contributions of this paper include: (1) This paper proposes a route for MEP contractors to improve their piping construction through the Modular and offsite construction (MOC) method. (2) This paper finds that the level of feasibility of piping prefabrication differs in piping systems, connection modes, and types of project. Challenges and barriers of piping prefabrication are firstly identified. View Full-Text
Keywords: modular and offsite construction; piping prefabrication; building information modelling; challenges; route modular and offsite construction; piping prefabrication; building information modelling; challenges; route

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Li, X.; Li, Z.; Wu, G. Modular and Offsite Construction of Piping: Current Barriers and Route. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 547.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Appl. Sci. EISSN 2076-3417 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top