Modular and Offsite Construction of Piping: Current Barriers and Route
AbstractTo investigate current practices and identify challenges of piping prefabrication, this paper conducts a comprehensive survey to mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) contractors. This paper is performed in three main steps. First, the current state of piping prefabrication, the attitude of MEP contractors to piping prefabrication, and the challenges of piping prefabrication are identified through a comprehensive data collection process that included semi-structured interviews, case studies, site visits, and questionnaires. The second step included suggesting a pattern and roadway of piping prefabrication. The results showed that: (1) The attitudes to feasibility of piping prefabrication differ in piping systems, piping connector modes, and types of project; and (2) building information modelling (BIM) promotes the adoption of piping prefabrication. Integrated project delivery (IPD), and distributor’s early involvement into projects have significant effects on the successful implementation of piping prefabrication. (3) The main barriers and challenges were identified including the low level of standardization of design, lack of preferential policy, economies of scale, low-skilled workers, as well as the availability of fittings and valves. In the final step, a four-phase route of piping prefabrication is suggested for MEP contractors to expand the prefabrication capacity incrementally. The main contributions of this paper include: (1) This paper proposes a route for MEP contractors to improve their piping construction through the Modular and offsite construction (MOC) method. (2) This paper finds that the level of feasibility of piping prefabrication differs in piping systems, connection modes, and types of project. Challenges and barriers of piping prefabrication are firstly identified. View Full-Text
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Li, X.; Li, Z.; Wu, G. Modular and Offsite Construction of Piping: Current Barriers and Route. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 547.
Li X, Li Z, Wu G. Modular and Offsite Construction of Piping: Current Barriers and Route. Applied Sciences. 2017; 7(6):547.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Xiaodan; Li, Zhongfu; Wu, Guangdong. 2017. "Modular and Offsite Construction of Piping: Current Barriers and Route." Appl. Sci. 7, no. 6: 547.
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