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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(4), 345;

Pet Fiber Reinforced Wet-Mix Shotcrete with Walnut Shell as Replaced Aggregate

College of Mining and Safety Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
State Key Laboratory of Mining Disaster Prevention and Control Co-founded by Shandong Province and Ministry of Science and Technology, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stefano Invernizzi
Received: 1 February 2017 / Revised: 19 March 2017 / Accepted: 29 March 2017 / Published: 31 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Materials)
Full-Text   |   PDF [12403 KB, uploaded 31 March 2017]   |  


In the rapidly developing modern society, many raw materials, such as crushed limestone and river sand, which are limited, are consumed by the concrete industry. Naturally, the usage of waste materials in concrete have become an interesting research area in recent years, which is used to reduce the negative influence of concrete on the environment. Hence, this paper presents the development of a sustainable lightweight wet-mix shotcrete by replacing natural coarse gravel with a kind of byproduct, nut shell (walnut). Fibers made from dumped polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles were mixed in the composite to improve the properties of the lightweight wet-mix shotcrete. The initial evaluation of the fresh concrete mixed with different volume fraction of walnut shell was carried out in terms of its performance capacities of mechanical properties (i.e., tensile and compressive strength), pumpability and shootability (i.e., slump, pressure drop per meter and rebound rate) and the results were compared with plain concrete. With increase of walnut shell, compressive and splitting tensile strength of casting concrete decreased, while slump and pressure drop reduced slightly. Additionally, appropriate dosage of walnut shell can improve the shootability of fresh concrete with low rebound rate and larger build-up thickness. In the second series tests, polypropylene (PP) fiber and multi-dimension fiber were also mixed in composite for comparative analysis. After mixing fibers, the splitting tensile strength had obtained marked improvement with slight reduction of compressive strength, along with acceptable fluctuation in terms of pumpability and shootability. Furthermore, relation of density and compressive strength, relation of rebound and density, build-up thickness and relation of compressive and splitting tensile strength were discussed. This study found wet-mix shotcrete incorporating PET fiber with walnut shell of about 35% coarse aggregate replacement could be used for roadway support as lightweight shotcrete per requirements of mine support. View Full-Text
Keywords: wet-mix shotcrete; walnut shell; PET fiber; mechanism; pumpability; shootability wet-mix shotcrete; walnut shell; PET fiber; mechanism; pumpability; shootability

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Cheng, W.; Liu, G.; Chen, L. Pet Fiber Reinforced Wet-Mix Shotcrete with Walnut Shell as Replaced Aggregate. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 345.

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