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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Particle Size on Mechanical Property of Bio-Treated Sand Foundation

State Key Laboratory of Hydraulic Engineering Simulation and Safety, Tianjin University, 135 Yaguan Road, Jinnan District, Tianjin 300350, China
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Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(22), 8294; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228294
Received: 20 October 2020 / Revised: 8 November 2020 / Accepted: 20 November 2020 / Published: 23 November 2020
In the field of geotechnical engineering, microbially induced calcium precipitation technology is feasible and sustainable alternative to improve the engineering characteristics of sand foundation under different geological conditions for a long time. However, it is unclear how the effects of different sand particle sizes on the engineering characteristics of bio-treated sand column. The method of intermittent injection in batches was used to develop a series of bio-treated sand columns. The results showed that the mechanical properties of the bio-treated column improved by increasing the particle size. Low concentration of bacterial suspension and cementation reagent leads to the increase of calcium carbonate and unconfined compressive strength. Additionally, the total injection times increased, thus risking time cost. Furthermore, the increase of sand particle size was beneficial to the uniformity of the spatial distribution of calcium carbonate in the bio-treated column. The coefficient of variation was reduced by up to 52.0%. Scanning electron microscopy results confirmed that the size and uniformity of calcite crystals on the surface of sand particles were related to the concentration of cementation solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-treatment; sand foundation; sand particle size; calcium carbonate contents; unconfined compressive strength bio-treatment; sand foundation; sand particle size; calcium carbonate contents; unconfined compressive strength
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, D.; Xu, G.; Duan, Y. Effect of Particle Size on Mechanical Property of Bio-Treated Sand Foundation. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 8294. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228294

AMA Style

Yang D, Xu G, Duan Y. Effect of Particle Size on Mechanical Property of Bio-Treated Sand Foundation. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(22):8294. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228294

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Defeng; Xu, Guobin; Duan, Yu. 2020. "Effect of Particle Size on Mechanical Property of Bio-Treated Sand Foundation" Appl. Sci. 10, no. 22: 8294. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228294

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