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Article

Elbow Extensors and Volar Flexors Strength Capacity and Its Relation to Shooting Performance in Basketball Players—A Pilot Study

by 1,2, 1,3 and 1,2,3,4,*
1
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Primorska, 6310 Izola, Slovenia
2
Innorenew CoE, Livade 6, 6310 Izola, Slovenia
3
Andrej Marušič Institute, University of Primorska, 6000 Koper, Slovenia
4
Laboratory for Motor Control and Motor Behaviour, S2P, Science to Practice, Ltd., 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(22), 8206; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228206
Received: 23 September 2020 / Revised: 16 November 2020 / Accepted: 17 November 2020 / Published: 19 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports Performance and Health)
Rate of force/torque development scaling factor (RFD-SF/RTD-SF) has been used as a tool for assessing neuromuscular quickness. The aim was to investigate strength capacities of two major shooting muscle groups and their relationship to basketball shooting performance, and to compare the RFD-SF as well as shooting performance between junior and senior basketball players, and finally to examine the differences in RTD-SF between elbow extensors and volar flexors. In 23 male basketball players (13 juniors and 10 seniors) we assessed maximal isometric torque (TMVC), maximal rate of torque development and RTD-SF slope (kRTD-SF) for elbow extensors and volar flexors. The subjects performed 10 throws at 2.3 m (short) and 8.9 m (long) from the basket. Our results showed similar kRTD-SF and TMVC in both groups. Better shooting performance from short distance was observed in senior players. Significant associations between kRTD-SF, TMVC and shooting performance were found only in juniors. Elbow extensors TMVC was found to have a significant positive large association with shooting performance from long distance. It seems that muscle capacity has an important role in shooting performance in junior compared to players. Sufficient strength capacity of major shooting muscles is important for juniors’ shooting performance from a long distance. View Full-Text
Keywords: wrist; elbow; shot; accuracy; RFD-SF wrist; elbow; shot; accuracy; RFD-SF
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MDPI and ACS Style

Smajla, D.; Kozinc, Ž.; Šarabon, N. Elbow Extensors and Volar Flexors Strength Capacity and Its Relation to Shooting Performance in Basketball Players—A Pilot Study. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 8206. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228206

AMA Style

Smajla D, Kozinc Ž, Šarabon N. Elbow Extensors and Volar Flexors Strength Capacity and Its Relation to Shooting Performance in Basketball Players—A Pilot Study. Applied Sciences. 2020; 10(22):8206. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228206

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smajla, Darjan, Žiga Kozinc, and Nejc Šarabon. 2020. "Elbow Extensors and Volar Flexors Strength Capacity and Its Relation to Shooting Performance in Basketball Players—A Pilot Study" Applied Sciences 10, no. 22: 8206. https://doi.org/10.3390/app10228206

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