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Archaeometric Characterisation of Decorated Pottery from the Archaeological Site of Villa dei Quintili (Rome, Italy): Preliminary Study

1
Dipartimento di Biologia, Ecologia e Scienze della Terra (DiBEST), Università della Calabria, Via Pietro Bucci, 87036 Arcavacata di Rende (CS), Italy
2
Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche e Informatiche, Scienze Fisiche e Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Messina, viale F. Stagno d’Alcontres 31, 98166 Messina, Italy
3
Dipartimento di Scienze chimiche, biologiche, farmaceutiche ed ambientali, Università degli Studi di Messina, viale F. Stagno d’Alcontres 31, 98166 Messina, Italy
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CNR-IPCF Istituto per i Processi Chimico Fisici, viale F. Stagno d’Alcontres 37, Faro Superiore, I-98158 Messina, Italy
5
Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma, Villa dei Quintili, via Appia Nuova 1092, 00197 Roma, Italy
6
Institute of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, Via Piero Gobetti, 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2019, 9(4), 172; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9040172
Received: 18 February 2019 / Revised: 3 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 16 April 2019
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Abstract

This work focused on the study of decorated pottery dated back to the 16th century from the Roman archaeological site of Villa dei Quintili, a monumental complex located in the south-eastern part of Rome (Italy). A minero-petrographic and geochemical study was undertaken to analyse five archaeological samples in order to define textural features and raw materials used for their production, along with the chemical and physical composition of the superficial decorative glazed coatings. For this purpose, different analytical methods were used, such as polarising optical microscope (POM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), micro-Raman spectroscopy, X-Ray fluorescence (XRF), and electron microprobe analysis coupled with energy dispersive spectrometry (EMPA-EDS). The results of such a multidisciplinary approach allowed us to achieve important results crucial to recognise the shards as majolica of the Renaissance period, improving knowledge about manufacturing processes of these renowned painted ceramic artefacts. View Full-Text
Keywords: decorative glazed coatings; EMPA-EDS; micro-Raman spectroscopy; pottery; petrography decorative glazed coatings; EMPA-EDS; micro-Raman spectroscopy; pottery; petrography
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Ricca, M.; Paladini, G.; Rovella, N.; Ruffolo, S.A.; Randazzo, L.; Crupi, V.; Fazio, B.; Majolino, D.; Venuti, V.; Galli, G.; La Russa, M.F. Archaeometric Characterisation of Decorated Pottery from the Archaeological Site of Villa dei Quintili (Rome, Italy): Preliminary Study. Geosciences 2019, 9, 172.

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