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Open AccessArticle

Site Characterization by Dynamic In Situ and Laboratory Tests for Liquefaction Potential Evaluation during Emilia Romagna Earthquake

1
Italian National Research Council (CNR), IBAM, Via Biblioteca n. 4, 95124 Catania, Italy
2
Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture (DICAr), University of Catania, Via S. Sofia n. 4, 95125 Catania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geosciences 2018, 8(7), 242; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8070242
Received: 14 February 2018 / Revised: 30 May 2018 / Accepted: 9 June 2018 / Published: 29 June 2018
To investigate the geotechnical soil properties of Emilia Romagna Region, a large series of in situ tests, laboratory tests and geophysical tests have been performed, particularly at the damaged city of Scortichino—Bondeno. Deep site investigations have been undertaken for the site characterization of the soil also along the Burana-Scortichino levee. Borings, Piezocone tests (CPTU) and dynamic in situ tests have been performed. Among them, Multichannel Analysis of Surface Waves test (MASW) and Seismic Dilatometer Marchetti Tests (SDMT) have been also carried out, with the aim to evaluate the soil profile of shear wave velocity (Vs). Resonant Column Tests (RCT) were also performed in laboratory on reconstituted solid cylindrical specimens. The Seismic Dilatometer Marchetti Tests were performed up to a depth of 32 m. The results show a very detailed and stable shear wave profile. The shear wave profiles obtained by SDMT have been compared with other laboratory tests. A comparison between the in situ small shear strain, laboratory shear strain and shear strain obtained by empirical correlations, was also performed. Finally, using the results of SDMT tests, soil liquefaction phenomena have been analyzed with a new procedure based on SDMT, using the soil properties obtained by field and laboratory tests. View Full-Text
Keywords: in situ tests; laboratory tests; soil liquefaction; Seismic Dilatometer Marchetti Test in situ tests; laboratory tests; soil liquefaction; Seismic Dilatometer Marchetti Test
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cavallaro, A.; Capilleri, P.P.; Grasso, S. Site Characterization by Dynamic In Situ and Laboratory Tests for Liquefaction Potential Evaluation during Emilia Romagna Earthquake. Geosciences 2018, 8, 242.

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