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Article

Adaptation and Codon-Usage Preference of Apple and Pear-Infecting Apple Stem Grooving Viruses

1
Department of Integrative Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Korea
2
Incheon International Airport Regional Office, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Seoul 22382, Korea
3
Department of Plant Medicals, Andong National University, Andong 36729, Korea
4
Crop Protection Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration, Wanju 55365, Korea
5
Department of Biological Science, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Korea
6
College of Agriculture, Life and Environment Sciences, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea
7
Department of Life Sciences, School of Science, University of Management and Technology (UMT), Johar Town, Lahore 54770, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Elvira Fiallo-Olivé
Microorganisms 2021, 9(6), 1111; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9061111
Received: 27 February 2021 / Revised: 29 April 2021 / Accepted: 5 May 2021 / Published: 21 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Viruses: From Ecology to Control)
Apple stem grooving virus (ASGV; genus Capillovirus) is an economically important virus. It has an approx. 6.5 kb, monopartite, linear, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA genome. The present study includes identification of 24 isolates—13 isolates from apple (Pyrus malus L.) and 11 isolates from pear (Pyrus communis L.)—from different agricultural fields in South Korea. The coat protein (CP) gene of the corresponding 23 isolates were amplified, sequenced, and analyzed. The CP sequences showed phylogenetic separation based on their host species, and not on the geography, indicating host adaptation. Further analysis showed that the ASGV isolated in this study followed host adaptation influenced and preferred by the host codon-usage. View Full-Text
Keywords: ASGV; coat protein; host adaptation; RNA virus; virus evolution ASGV; coat protein; host adaptation; RNA virus; virus evolution
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, J.; Lal, A.; Kil, E.-J.; Kwak, H.-R.; Yoon, H.-S.; Choi, H.-S.; Kim, M.; Ali, M.; Lee, S. Adaptation and Codon-Usage Preference of Apple and Pear-Infecting Apple Stem Grooving Viruses. Microorganisms 2021, 9, 1111. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9061111

AMA Style

Kim J, Lal A, Kil E-J, Kwak H-R, Yoon H-S, Choi H-S, Kim M, Ali M, Lee S. Adaptation and Codon-Usage Preference of Apple and Pear-Infecting Apple Stem Grooving Viruses. Microorganisms. 2021; 9(6):1111. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9061111

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Jaedeok, Aamir Lal, Eui-Joon Kil, Hae-Ryun Kwak, Hwan-Su Yoon, Hong-Soo Choi, Mikyeong Kim, Muhammad Ali, and Sukchan Lee. 2021. "Adaptation and Codon-Usage Preference of Apple and Pear-Infecting Apple Stem Grooving Viruses" Microorganisms 9, no. 6: 1111. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9061111

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