Next Article in Journal
Function and Form: Shifts in Modernist Architects’ Design Thinking
Next Article in Special Issue
Sites with Paintings in Morocco and the Atlantic Sahara
Previous Article in Journal
A Mark along the Way: Schematic Rock Art and Communication Routes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Manual of Cupule Replication Technology
Open AccessArticle

Sandals as Icons: Representations in Ancestral Pueblo Rock Art and Effigies in Stone and Wood

Research Associate, Museum of Indian Arts and Culture/Laboratory of Anthropology, Santa Fe, NM 87505, USA
Received: 30 June 2016 / Revised: 4 August 2016 / Accepted: 5 August 2016 / Published: 7 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection World Rock Art)
Dating the late 1000s to the mid-1200s CE, petroglyphs of sandal images are among others that distinguish ancient Pueblo rock art in the San Juan and Little Colorado River drainages on the Colorado Plateau from Ancestral Pueblo rock art elsewhere across the Southwest. The sandal “track” also has counterparts as effigies in stone and wood often found in ceremonial contexts in Pueblo sites. These representations reflect the sandal styles of the times, both plain in contour and the jog-toed variety, the latter characterized by a projection where the little toe is positioned. These representations are both plain and patterned, as are their material sandal counterparts. Their significance as symbolic icons is their dominant aspect, and a ritual meaning is implicit. As a component of a symbol system that was radically altered after 1300 CE, however, there is no ethnographic information that provides clues as to the sandal icon’s meaning. While there is no significant pattern of its associations with other symbolic content in the petroglyph panels, in some western San Juan sites cases a relationship to the hunt can be inferred. It is suggested that the track itself could refer to a deity, a mythological hero, or the carver ’s social identity. In conclusion, however, no clear meaning of the images themselves is forthcoming, and further research beckons. View Full-Text
Keywords: sandal; icon; jog-toed; effigy sandal; icon; jog-toed; effigy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Schaafsma, P. Sandals as Icons: Representations in Ancestral Pueblo Rock Art and Effigies in Stone and Wood. Arts 2016, 5, 7.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop