Next Article in Journal
CRISPR, a Crossroads in Genetic Intervention: Pitting the Right to Health against the Right to Disability
Next Article in Special Issue
Feminist Jurisprudence, the Australian Legal System and Intimate Partner Sexual Violence: Fiction over Fact
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Australia’s National Anti-Bullying Jurisdiction: Paper Tiger or Velvet Glove
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Explaining Patterns of Urban Violence in Medellin, Colombia

School of Business, University of New South Wales, Northcott Dr., Campbell, ACT 2612, Australia
Received: 21 December 2015 / Revised: 2 February 2016 / Accepted: 3 February 2016 / Published: 15 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Justice Connections)
Full-Text   |   PDF [913 KB, uploaded 15 February 2016]   |  


Latin America is one of the world’s most violent regions, with 40 of the 50 most violent cities, but with only 8% of the world’s population, and a staggering 33% of global homicides. At the forefront of these high levels of violence are gangs that are more flexible and persistent than previously thought. This paper provides a discussion on gangs in one Latin American city, Medellin, Colombia, where different non-state groups have contributed to changing patterns of homicide rates. The paper presents preliminary findings to show how, despite the city experiencing a 90% reduction in homicide rates in less than 25 years, violent non-state groups have become embedded as part and product of their environment, acting as coherent, logical and functional players, linked to the structural inequalities and institutional fragility of the larger society. View Full-Text
Keywords: Latin America; urbanisation; urban violence; gangs; marginalised youth; homicides Latin America; urbanisation; urban violence; gangs; marginalised youth; homicides

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Doyle, C. Explaining Patterns of Urban Violence in Medellin, Colombia. Laws 2016, 5, 3.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Laws EISSN 2075-471X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top