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Open AccessArticle

Plasma Disappearance Rate of Indocyanine Green for Determination of Liver Function in Three Different Models of Shock

1
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital Cologne, Kerpener Str. 62, 50937 Cologne, Germany
2
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Leopoldina Hospital Schweinfurt, Gustav-Adolf-Str. 8, 97422 Schweinfurt, Germany
3
Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Saarland University Hospital, 66424 Homburg (Saar), Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diagnostics 2019, 9(3), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics9030108
Received: 16 August 2019 / Revised: 27 August 2019 / Accepted: 29 August 2019 / Published: 31 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Point-of-Care Diagnostics and Devices)
The measurement of the liver function via the plasma disappearance rate of indocyanine green (PDRICG) is a sensitive bed-side tool in critical care. Yet, recent evidence has questioned the value of this method for hyperdynamic conditions. To evaluate this technique in different hemodynamic settings, we analyzed the PDRICG and corresponding pharmacokinetic models after endotoxemia or hemorrhagic shock in rats. Male anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats underwent hemorrhage (mean arterial pressure 35 ± 5 mmHg, 90 min) and 2 h of reperfusion, or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced moderate or severe (1.0 vs. 10 mg/kg) endotoxemia for 6 h (each n = 6). Afterwards, PDRICG was measured, and pharmacokinetic models were analyzed using nonlinear mixed effects modeling (NONMEM®). Hemorrhagic shock resulted in a significant decrease of PDRICG, compared with sham controls, and a corresponding attenuation of the calculated ICG clearance in 1- and 2-compartment models, with the same log-likelihood. The induction of severe, but not moderate endotoxemia, led to a significant reduction of PDRICG. The calculated ICG blood clearance was reduced in 1-compartment models for both septic conditions. 2-compartment models performed with a significantly better log likelihood, and the calculated clearance of ICG did not correspond well with PDRICG in both LPS groups. 3-compartment models did not improve the log likelihood in any experiment. These results demonstrate that PDRICG correlates well with ICG clearance in 1- and 2-compartment models after hemorrhage. In endotoxemia, best described by a 2-compartment model, PDRICG may not truly reflect the ICG clearance. View Full-Text
Keywords: liver function; PDRICG; endotoxemia; hemorrhagic shock liver function; PDRICG; endotoxemia; hemorrhagic shock
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Mathes, A.; Plata, C.; Rensing, H.; Kreuer, S.; Fink, T.; Raddatz, A. Plasma Disappearance Rate of Indocyanine Green for Determination of Liver Function in Three Different Models of Shock. Diagnostics 2019, 9, 108.

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