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Diagnostics 2019, 9(1), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics9010031

Current Diabetes Technology: Striving for the Artificial Pancreas

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Children’s Hospital of Richmond, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
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Received: 6 February 2019 / Revised: 11 March 2019 / Accepted: 12 March 2019 / Published: 15 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diagnosis and Management of Pediatric Diseases)
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PDF [239 KB, uploaded 15 March 2019]

Abstract

Diabetes technology has continually evolved over the years to improve quality of life and ease of care for affected patients. Frequent blood glucose (BG) checks and multiple daily insulin injections have become standard of care in Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) management. Continuous glucose monitors (CGM) allow patients to observe and discern trends in their glycemic control. These devices improve quality of life for parents and caregivers with preset alerts for hypoglycemia. Insulin pumps have continued to improve and innovate since their emergence into the market. Hybrid closed-loop systems have harnessed the data gathered with CGM use to aid in basal insulin dosing and hypoglycemia prevention. As technology continues to progress, patients will likely have to enter less and less information into their pump system manually. In the future, we will likely see a system that requires no manual patient input and allows users to eat throughout the day without counting carbohydrates or entering in any blood sugars. As technology continues to advance, endocrinologists and diabetes providers need to stay current to better guide their patients in optimal use of emerging management tools. View Full-Text
Keywords: type 1 diabetes; continuous glucose monitor; insulin pump; continuous insulin infusion system; hybrid closed-loop system; diabetes technology type 1 diabetes; continuous glucose monitor; insulin pump; continuous insulin infusion system; hybrid closed-loop system; diabetes technology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Allen, N.; Gupta, A. Current Diabetes Technology: Striving for the Artificial Pancreas. Diagnostics 2019, 9, 31.

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