In the recent years, distributed energy production has been one of the main research topics about renewable energies. The decentralization of electric production from wind resources raises the issues of reducing the size of generators, from the MW scale of industrial wind farm turbines to the kW scale, and possibly employing them in urban areas, where the wind flow is complex and extremely turbulent because of the presence of buildings and obstacles. On these grounds, the use of small-scale vertical axis small wind turbines (VASWT) is a valid choice for on-site generation (OSG), considering their low sensitivity with respect to turbulent flow and that there is no need to align the turbine with wind direction, as occurs with horizontal axis small wind turbines (HASWT). In addition, VASWTs have a minor acoustic impact with respect to HASWTs. The aim of this paper is to study the interactions that take place between a 1.2 kW, vertical axis, Darrieus VASWT turbine and a small, experimental building, in order to analyze the noise and the vibrations transmitted to the structure. One method to damp the vibrations is then assessed through spectral analysis of data acquired through accelerometers located both in the mast of the wind turbine and at the building walls. The results confirm the usefulness of dampers to increase the building comfort regarding vibrations.
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