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Open AccessArticle

Deep Learning-Based Multinational Banknote Fitness Classification with a Combination of Visible-Light Reflection and Infrared-Light Transmission Images

Division of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Dongguk University, 30 Pildong-ro 1-gil, Jung-gu, Seoul 100-715, Korea
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Symmetry 2018, 10(10), 431; https://doi.org/10.3390/sym10100431
Received: 31 August 2018 / Revised: 18 September 2018 / Accepted: 21 September 2018 / Published: 25 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Deep Learning-Based Biometric Technologies)
The fitness classification of a banknote is important as it assesses the quality of banknotes in automated banknote sorting facilities, such as counting or automated teller machines. The popular approaches are primarily based on image processing, with banknote images acquired by various sensors. However, most of these methods assume that the currency type, denomination, and exposed direction of the banknote are known. In other words, not only is a pre-classification of the type of input banknote required, but in some cases, the type of currency is required to be manually selected. To address this problem, we propose a multinational banknote fitness-classification method that simultaneously determines the fitness level of a banknote from multiple countries. This is achieved without the pre-classification of input direction and denomination of the banknote, using visible-light reflection and infrared-light transmission images of banknotes, and a convolutional neural network. The experimental results on the combined banknote image database consisting of the Indian rupee and Korean won with three fitness levels, and the United States dollar with two fitness levels, show that the proposed method achieves better accuracy than other fitness classification methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: multinational banknote fitness classification; visible-light reflection image; infrared-light transmission image; convolutional neural network; deep learning multinational banknote fitness classification; visible-light reflection image; infrared-light transmission image; convolutional neural network; deep learning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pham, T.D.; Nguyen, D.T.; Kang, J.K.; Park, K.R. Deep Learning-Based Multinational Banknote Fitness Classification with a Combination of Visible-Light Reflection and Infrared-Light Transmission Images. Symmetry 2018, 10, 431. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym10100431

AMA Style

Pham TD, Nguyen DT, Kang JK, Park KR. Deep Learning-Based Multinational Banknote Fitness Classification with a Combination of Visible-Light Reflection and Infrared-Light Transmission Images. Symmetry. 2018; 10(10):431. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym10100431

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pham, Tuyen D.; Nguyen, Dat T.; Kang, Jin K.; Park, Kang R. 2018. "Deep Learning-Based Multinational Banknote Fitness Classification with a Combination of Visible-Light Reflection and Infrared-Light Transmission Images" Symmetry 10, no. 10: 431. https://doi.org/10.3390/sym10100431

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