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Open AccessArticle

Performance of a Novel Fertilizer-Drawn Forward Osmosis Aerobic Membrane Bioreactor (FDFO-MBR): Mitigating Salinity Build-Up by Integrating Microfiltration

1
Centre for Technology in Water and Wastewater (CTWW), School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Technology Sydney (UTS), P.O. Box 123, 15 Broadway, Ultimo NSW 2007, Australia
2
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, State Environmental Protection Engineering Center for Pollution Treatment and Control in Textile Industry, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
3
School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University, 1-5 Ga, Anam-Dong, Seongbuk-Gu, Seoul 136-713, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Stephen Gray and Hideto Matsuyama
Water 2017, 9(1), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/w9010021
Received: 4 October 2016 / Revised: 14 December 2016 / Accepted: 15 December 2016 / Published: 4 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Membranes for Water Treatment)
In this paper, three different fertilizer draw solutions were tested in a novel forward osmosis-microfiltration aerobic membrane bioreactor (MF-FDFO-MBR) hybrid system and their performance were evaluated in terms of water flux and reverse salt diffusion. Results were also compared with a standard solution. Results showed that ammonium sulfate is the most suitable fertilizer for this hybrid system since it has a relatively high water flux (6.85 LMH) with a comparatively low reverse salt flux (3.02 gMH). The performance of the process was also studied by investigating different process parameters: draw solution concentration, FO draw solution flow rate and MF imposed flux. It was found that the optimal conditions for this hybrid system were: draw solution concentration of 1 M, FO draw solution flow rate of 200 mL/min and MF imposed flux of 10 LMH. The salt accumulation increased from 834 to 5400 μS/cm during the first four weeks but after integrating MF, the salinity dropped significantly from 5400 to 1100 μS/cm suggesting that MF is efficient in mitigating the salinity build up inside the reactor. This study demonstrated that the integration of the MF membrane could effectively control the salinity and enhance the stable FO flux in the OMBR. View Full-Text
Keywords: fertilizer-drawn forward osmosis; aerobic osmotic membrane bioreactor; process parameter; salinity build-up fertilizer-drawn forward osmosis; aerobic osmotic membrane bioreactor; process parameter; salinity build-up
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, J.; Pathak, N.; Chekli, L.; Phuntsho, S.; Kim, Y.; Li, D.; Shon, H.K. Performance of a Novel Fertilizer-Drawn Forward Osmosis Aerobic Membrane Bioreactor (FDFO-MBR): Mitigating Salinity Build-Up by Integrating Microfiltration. Water 2017, 9, 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9010021

AMA Style

Wang J, Pathak N, Chekli L, Phuntsho S, Kim Y, Li D, Shon HK. Performance of a Novel Fertilizer-Drawn Forward Osmosis Aerobic Membrane Bioreactor (FDFO-MBR): Mitigating Salinity Build-Up by Integrating Microfiltration. Water. 2017; 9(1):21. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9010021

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Jin; Pathak, Nirenkumar; Chekli, Laura; Phuntsho, Sherub; Kim, Youngjin; Li, Dengxin; Shon, Ho K. 2017. "Performance of a Novel Fertilizer-Drawn Forward Osmosis Aerobic Membrane Bioreactor (FDFO-MBR): Mitigating Salinity Build-Up by Integrating Microfiltration" Water 9, no. 1: 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9010021

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