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Article

Improving the Distillate Prediction of a Membrane Distillation Unit in a Trigeneration Scheme by Using Artificial Neural Networks

1
Research Centre for Energy Resources and Consumption (CIRCE), 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Mechanical Engineering Department, Zaragoza University (UNIZAR), 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
3
ABORA SOLAR Company, La Muela, 50196 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(3), 310; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10030310
Received: 24 January 2018 / Revised: 6 March 2018 / Accepted: 8 March 2018 / Published: 13 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Desalination and Water Treatment)
An Artificial Neural Network (ANN) has been developed to predict the distillate produced in a permeate gap membrane distillation (PGMD) module with process operating conditions (temperatures at the condenser and evaporator inlets, and feed seawater flow). Real data obtained from experimental tests were used for the ANN training and further validation and testing. This PGMD module constitutes part of an isolated trigeneration pilot unit fully supplied by solar and wind energy, which also provides power and sanitary hot water (SHW) for a typical single family home. PGMD production was previously estimated with published data from the MD module manufacturer by means of a new type in the framework of Trnsys® simulation within the design of the complete trigeneration scheme. The performance of the ANN model was studied and improved through a parametric study varying the number of neurons in the hidden layer, the number of experimental datasets and by using different activation functions. The ANN obtained can be easily exported to be used in simulation, control or process analysis and optimization. Here, the ANN was finally used to implement a new type to estimate the PGMD production of the unit by using the inlet parameters obtained by the complete simulation model of the trigeneration unit based on Renewable Energy Sources (RES). View Full-Text
Keywords: artificial neural networks; machine learning; trigeneration; desalination; membrane distillation artificial neural networks; machine learning; trigeneration; desalination; membrane distillation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Acevedo, L.; Uche, J.; Del-Amo, A. Improving the Distillate Prediction of a Membrane Distillation Unit in a Trigeneration Scheme by Using Artificial Neural Networks. Water 2018, 10, 310. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10030310

AMA Style

Acevedo L, Uche J, Del-Amo A. Improving the Distillate Prediction of a Membrane Distillation Unit in a Trigeneration Scheme by Using Artificial Neural Networks. Water. 2018; 10(3):310. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10030310

Chicago/Turabian Style

Acevedo, Luis; Uche, Javier; Del-Amo, Alejandro. 2018. "Improving the Distillate Prediction of a Membrane Distillation Unit in a Trigeneration Scheme by Using Artificial Neural Networks" Water 10, no. 3: 310. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10030310

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