Next Article in Journal
A Systematic Review of Global Desert Dust and Associated Human Health Effects
Next Article in Special Issue
Tracking the Origin of Moisture over the Danube River Basin Using a Lagrangian Approach
Previous Article in Journal
Bias Correction for Retrieval of Atmospheric Parameters from the Microwave Humidity and Temperature Sounder Onboard the Fengyun-3C Satellite
Previous Article in Special Issue
Inverse Modeling of Nitrogen Oxides Emissions from the 2010 Russian Wildfires by Using Satellite Measurements of Nitrogen Dioxide
Article

Sensitive versus Rough Dependence under Initial Conditions in Atmospheric Flow Regimes

1
Department of Soil, Environmental, and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
2
Department of Mathematics, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
3
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert W. Talbot
Atmosphere 2016, 7(12), 157; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos7120157
Received: 5 October 2016 / Revised: 28 November 2016 / Accepted: 30 November 2016 / Published: 5 December 2016
In this work, we will identify the existence of “rough dependence on initial conditions” in atmospheric phenomena, a concept which is a problem for weather analysis and forecasting. Typically, two initially similar atmospheric states will diverge slowly over time such that forecasting the weather using the Navier-Stokes equations is useless after some characteristic time scale. With rough dependence, two initial states diverge very quickly, implying forecasting may be impossible. Using previous research in atmospheric science, rough dependence is characterized by using quantities that can be calculated using atmospheric data and quantities. Rough dependence will be tested for and identified in atmospheric phenomena at different time scales using case studies. Data were provided for this project by archives outside the University of Missouri (MU) and by using the MU RADAR at the South Farm experiment station. View Full-Text
Keywords: rough dependence on initial conditions; sensitive dependence on initial conditions; RADAR; blocking rough dependence on initial conditions; sensitive dependence on initial conditions; RADAR; blocking
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lupo, A.R.; Li, Y.C.; Feng, Z.C.; Fox, N.I.; Rabinowitz, J.L.; Simpson, M.J. Sensitive versus Rough Dependence under Initial Conditions in Atmospheric Flow Regimes. Atmosphere 2016, 7, 157. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos7120157

AMA Style

Lupo AR, Li YC, Feng ZC, Fox NI, Rabinowitz JL, Simpson MJ. Sensitive versus Rough Dependence under Initial Conditions in Atmospheric Flow Regimes. Atmosphere. 2016; 7(12):157. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos7120157

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lupo, Anthony R., Y. C. Li, Z. C. Feng, Neil I. Fox, Jordan L. Rabinowitz, and Micheal J. Simpson 2016. "Sensitive versus Rough Dependence under Initial Conditions in Atmospheric Flow Regimes" Atmosphere 7, no. 12: 157. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos7120157

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop